Questions tagged [windows]

Windows refers to the Microsoft Windows series of operating systems.

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How to unpack Armadillo protected software using x64dbg?

I am planning to reverse-engineer a Windows executable that has been protected with Armadillo. When I put the executable through Detect It Easy, the results show that the executable was protected with ...
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Windows User Identification / HWID Limiting

I've been playing a game that has an HWID limit and a bunch of other limitations, such as: a) Cannot be ran in a VM b) Cannot be ran using Sandboxie and other Sandbox environments c) Limits 3 ...
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How do I interpret this double offset?

While looking at that old game I've found a class CStr that is used in an unusual (to me) manner. Most of the times a member of CStr is used, it's done as follows. In both cases, this is a CStr *. ...
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How to extract an AutoIT script when tools fail to extract it?

Lets say you have a Autoit malware (windows executable, autoit v3), and you want to extract the script from it. But tools such as exe2aut fail to extract it. What would you do? is there any place in ...
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How to prevent File Modification in C++

so i want to protect my software against reverse-engineering and i want to add checksum verification to prevent patching the binary but the problem that if i added a checksum verification the binary ...
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Change manifest file using ResourceHacker CLI

I want to automate some manifest file changes (change requestedExecutionLevel level to requireAdministator from asInvoker) so I have to use ResourceHacker CLI. I have managed to extract the resources ...
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Cant Save .exe using reflixil and Red Gate Reflector 10.3

First off all im pretty new to Reverse Engineering. Im Stuck on Saving my Project. When i want to save the Assembly as .exe file Reflexil says cant save, the specified Method is not supported. I tried ...
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Send file or non-printable character in Immunity Debugger arguments

I am a beginner in Reverse Engineering. I am on Windows and using Immunity Debugger. I would like to send my payload on the .exe file. The payload contains non-printable characters. How I can launch ...
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Proxy dll doesn't load the original dll

I have relatively simple code here for the proxy DllMain() function: BOOL APIENTRY DllMain(HMODULE hDll, DWORD reason, LPVOID reserved) { if (reason != DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH) { return TRUE; } ...
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Can't figure out a crash in IDA "The memory could not be read -> 00000710 (exc.code c0000005, tid 20612)"

I'm trying to debug out a game. Basically, the Steam version works perfectly but the GOG version (which is 8kb smaller) has an annoying problem where for some people (which happen to be me) the game ...
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There is a course in which they teach you to use WinAFL?

I would like to know if there is a course that begins in a basic way, such as how to use winAFL to find bugs in app desktop.
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How to find main() of Windows EXE with Ghidra?

I'm new to Ghidra, my goal is to add localizations for a small EXE program. The program was written in Visual Studio and has Russian dialogs, which I like to convert to English. I've loaded the EXE ...
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How to find bugs in a modern desktop application with reverse enginnering?

I would like to clarify the context for the question: I have studied different types of exploiting but all the studies I have carried out were with command line programs and with functions that I ...
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What kind of code creates this function call pattern?

While using WinDbg: u/uf to disassemble functions in ntoskrnl.exe there are functions that are used in system calls and exception handling that have these weird function call patterns and I can't ...
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Fixing/recompiling a heavily control flow obfuscated function

I've recently come across a binary that has been obfuscated with a very obscure protection. Obfuscation From what I understand, the obfuscator is effective in several ways. Multiple JMPs via relative ...
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Want to use win API hooking to detect wmi query string? But can't find IWbemServices::ExecQuery in fastprox.dll

I want to implement WMI query detection function using apimon plugin in sandbox https://github.com/tklengyel/drakvuf To do it,I have to get the DLL symbol file. But I can't locate the IWbemServices::...
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Is it possible to Direct3D 9 debug DLL in an app using the release version

I have an application using d3d9.dll, but I want to figure out which functions it calls to gain insight. Since online tools I have found are incompatible with my app (32-bit d3d9), is it instead ...
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CreateFileA returning invalid handle when file exists

I was working on a practice binary. It opens the file at C:/WINDOWS/system32/filename#123.dat, if the file does not exist, the check compares the result to -1 (An invalid handle). However, even after ...
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Reversing Logitech G933 Battery Charge Values

I have a Logitech G933 headset. I replaced the stock battery with a larger capacity. The headset now lasts many hours longer than it was originally designed, and the software is configured to give ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How to get thread start address in Windows?

I'm writing thread finder in module. My goal is find all threads in process and find threads currently working address locations. Like image on below. I do this goal with NtQueryInformationThread API. ...
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1 answer
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Identifying/debugging code parts responsible for features in Windows

New to the area, i am trying to identify the code responsible for example for the search functionality in Windows when you start typing in the start menu. What are some generic ways of identifying the ...
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Why is process object is shown as desktop object in nt!_object_type

I try to extract the object type of notepad.exe in windbg but the nt!_object_type is showing it as Desktop object instead of Process object. Any idea why is it so? 4: kd> !process 0 0 notepad.exe ...
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Windows time travel debugging performance bottleneck

First of all I wan to be clear, that this question is not about the collection performance, but indexing performance. What is the performance bottleneck of the indexing step? Some context: Action in ...
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Why some process has empty nt!_object_type

I try to extra the nt!_object_type of notepad.exe process. But seems like it's empty. Is it some process has no object type? Correction for my screenshot above for using the EPROCESS address to ...
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1 answer
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Run ntoskrnl.exe with qemu

We can run linux and similar unix kernels uing qemu -kernel parameter. Is there any way to do the same with NT kernel? I could not find a way to test even reactos kernelwith qemu. Also can .efi files ...
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Can't add tracing in IDA, showing it in gray

I added read/write trace to a program. I was able to record the trace with IDA for the first time. When I run it again, it didn't work. I tried to do what I did on the first time, adding the read/...
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1 answer
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How to load modules symbols to IDA while debugging a process

I am debugging a program that I compiled. This program calls SetWindowTextW. When I am debugging it with IDA I can step into this function, but it doesn't recognize anything there: If I will load ...
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On Windows, when is a PTE a VAD prototype PTE (with address 0xFFFFFFFF0000) instead of a prototype-pointer PTE?

I have reviewed several sources on this PTE type, including Windows internals and the following: http://blog.rekall-forensic.com/2014/10/windows-virtual-address-translation-and.html https://thalium....
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Whats the difference between a MiNotMapped PFN entry with all 1s, and a MiNonCached PFN entry with all 0s and a 0 PteAddress?

On host (UEFI legacy mode): lkd> !pfn 0xf0 PFN 000000F0 at address FFFFFA8000002D00 flink FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF blink / share count FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF pteaddress FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF ...
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2 votes
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127 views

How to disassemble win32 function RegSetValueExW?

I have opened up advapi32.dll in IDA and found out that RegSetValueExW is just a jump to RegSetValueExW_0. And RegSetValueExW_0 seems to be an extern. How do I actually disassemble RegSetValueExW_0?
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Unable to attach into mysterious PID

I have a suspicious process. I found it by ProcessHacker's network tab. ProcessHacker display the process as Unknown. The process listening into a constant port number that's also not found by ...
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Extracting strings from binary files (.exe)

This question has been asked quite a lot especially on stackoverflow, but the solutions/replies are not clear or extensive. What I`m looking for is to build what Strings does from Sysinternals. My ...
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1 answer
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How to find sleep() in ollydbg or IDA or ghidra

I have a program which converts videos from a proprietary format into mp4. The conversion is very slow and CPU utilization is less than 1%. I'm able to speed up the conversion process via Cheat Engine'...
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1 answer
271 views

Disassembly call function offset from RIP

I am writing a program where I map an .exe PE file in memory and I "dissect" it. I am disassembling the .text section of the target executable, using the distorm disassembler. CALL ...
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Import header files in IDA to get the struct definitions?

I am reversing a program that has a lot of internal structs in it. The problem is that there are a lot of structs, so i can't import them manually using local types->insert. Lets say i have some ...
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Find out version of statically linked MFC from an exe

I have an exe with symbols stripped that I am trying to reverse engineer. I know the library is linked with MFC but I don't know which version. (Therefore, I can't use something like FLIRT signatures ...
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1 answer
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Merging a large number of segments in IDA Pro

I'm working with a memory dump of a protected win32 program. Something causing me a lot of pain is the program being split into roughly 3,000 contiguous small segments (i.e. instead of just .text and ....
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How much of the kernel does remote kernel debugging allow you to debug?

This is a theoretical question because I've never set up remote kernel debugging before -- but I will do at some point, which should hopefully answer some of the experimental questions I have. What ...
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new to malware analysis and disassembly. dotpeek has been helpful. is this unreadable code due to SuppressIldasmAttribute?

just getting into rev engineering malware. i want to get to source on my own. i could use run.any or VT but that's no fun. any reason why this is unreadable the way it is? is it due to the module ...
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Why a single "nop" crashed the game?

I hope answer to my question is not game/app specific and can be answered in communities like this. So, I tried to use some internal functions of a game, like pick a target. No malicious intentions, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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does mov DWORD PTR 32[rsp], 5 means mov DWORD PTR [rsp+32], 5?

I am learning about windows x64 calling convention, where the first four arguments are passed to registers and left arguments are passed through the stack. To see it, I checked the assembly of the ...
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1 answer
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Switch between debuggers while paused on a breakpoint

Is it possible to switch between debuggers and preserve where you are paused? Often times I find myself wanting to use a feature from a different debugger while paused in a specific context as each of ...
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2 answers
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kd live local debugging !pte and db don't work (only shows context of the debugger for all contexts), but !vtop works

Says the PDPT and PDs of the process are at the same physcial frames (pfns) in both processes. The first process is winword.exe and the second process is calc.exe The virtual address in the first case ...
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How to apply complete type information from PDB for multiple images in one IDA database?

IDA is capable of loading multiple images/DLLs into the same database. In this scenario, ntdll.dll and kernel.dll have been loaded additionally to the main target .exe-file into the database. On top ...
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Reversing Windows binary to find where the error is with Ollydbg

I've some experience with gdb and debugging in Linux environment (I'm studying computer science at University and I'm able to handle bof in Linux). The problem now is on a Windows program. I start it ...
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SSL pinning and bypass

I'm currently investigating one very suspicious app on my system (Windows 10 x64 bit). I wanted to try and understand outgoing https traffic it utilizes by trying to MITM it using Fiddler but as I ...
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1 answer
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PE Self Injection Not Working

I'm working on different PE Injection technique. I want to inject PE file into virtual memory of the current executable. After that, I want to execute the injected PE file, I wrote an injection code, ...
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1 vote
3 answers
779 views

CaptureBAT equivalent on Windows 10?

Hello RE community on stack ! I am a beginner, so please pardon any commonplace errors I am looking to run CaptureBAT on a Windows 10 VM, to capture network activity of different kinds of Malwares I ...
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Patching a program in IDA

I've opened a simple Hello World program in IDA (Pro 7.5) like that: global _main extern _printf section .text _main: push message call _printf add esp, 4 push ...
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1 answer
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Arrays assembly

I'm reversing my C array's programs where I'm storing numbers in arrays like this... int marks[5]; marks[0] = 1; marks[1] = 3; marks[2] = 2; marks[3] = 7; marks[4] = 9; so the compiler showing me the ...
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