Questions tagged [winapi]

Microsoft's application programming interfaces available in the Windows operating system.

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Why Can't I View Certain USER32.dll API Calls In The Disassembly?

Long story short, I'm trying to understand and patch the GUI in Microsoft Edge. When I look at the disassembly in 2 DIFFERENT DEBUGGERS (x64dbg and cutter), the API calls responsible for much of the ...
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Frida hook InsertMenuItemW

I'm trying to get information about menu items in an application. Experimentally established that InsertMenuItemW is called. Thanks to the documentation, I set the number of input parameters and wrote ...
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funcion calls extern function without body

I wanted to look at how does the Windows API get the size of a file, so I opened kernel32.dll in a disassembler. I searched for GetFileSizeEx, and it seems to call a stub(?), but the disassembler ...
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How do I get all sections in a PE file using C++?

So I am wondering how can I get all sections and their info from a dumped PE file on the disk, using C++. I have the entire PE loaded on a buffer, the NT headers, and hopefully the DOS headers. I need ...
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WinApi of UWΡ Shаdοws

I want to ask which WinApi methods being used to draw shadows under flyouts on UWΡ. What I know: This shаdοw disappearing when hiding flyout (via SW_HIDE), but it stays if we one hide it using ...
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How are programs like 'StartAllBack' and 'T-Clock' developed?

There are many programs like StartAllBack and its predecessor StartIsBack which somehow modifies different aspects of Windows Shell (explorer.exe). How are these hook points discovered in the first ...
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Windows User Identification / HWID Limiting

I've been playing a game that has an HWID limit and a bunch of other limitations, such as: a) Cannot be ran in a VM b) Cannot be ran using Sandboxie and other Sandbox environments c) Limits 3 ...
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How to hack fan control speed?

So I recently bought a new laptop (Acer Aspire A315-57g) on which I found that the cooling solution wasn't optimal, and I decided that I want more RPMs from my fan. However, I wasn't able to find a ...
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Is there any way to watch a block of memory of the current process for change?

I'm looking for a way to get notified when some block of memory of the current process change. To be more specific, I want to track when some fields of a struct change. Let's say I have one instance ...
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1 answer
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CreateFileA returning invalid handle when file exists

I was working on a practice binary. It opens the file at C:/WINDOWS/system32/filename#123.dat, if the file does not exist, the check compares the result to -1 (An invalid handle). However, even after ...
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Windbg memory access error when trying to edit a string value of a button

So i was trying to edit the string value of a button as a debugging practice using windbg. I'm still a complete novice in reverse engineering and debugging, when i try to edit the string value using ...
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How to disassemble win32 function RegSetValueExW?

I have opened up advapi32.dll in IDA and found out that RegSetValueExW is just a jump to RegSetValueExW_0. And RegSetValueExW_0 seems to be an extern. How do I actually disassemble RegSetValueExW_0?
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Extracting strings from binary files (.exe)

This question has been asked quite a lot especially on stackoverflow, but the solutions/replies are not clear or extensive. What I`m looking for is to build what Strings does from Sysinternals. My ...
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1 answer
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How to find sleep() in ollydbg or IDA or ghidra

I have a program which converts videos from a proprietary format into mp4. The conversion is very slow and CPU utilization is less than 1%. I'm able to speed up the conversion process via Cheat Engine'...
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How can a debugger break on dynamic loaded libraries?

I think I have a massive understanding problem with the following issue: Usually the loader will fix the Import Table for the modules that have been loaded, right, so if I set a breakpoint on ...
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which is harder to reverse engineer? [closed]

I'm planning on writing a windows application, used everywhere in my home country. I will code it in C++, but my question is which would you consider better to use? win32api Visual C++ MFC I'm ...
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Debugging Encrypted Malware with Multiple Threads

What is the best approach when debugging a multithreaded program that is yet to be encrypted? Where is the best place to put Breakpoints using Ollydbg?
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In the context of the Windows API, what extra information do the debugging symbols provide that the export table doesnt provide?

Take for example, 'kernel32.dll', the export table already provides the list of exported functions, then in what use case, would I need to download the debugging symbols for it from the MS symbol ...
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1 answer
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Finding AddressOfEntryPoint for a 64-bit process

Okay, so in the following code-snippet I am starting a notepad.exe process in a suspended state and trying to get the AddressOfEntryPoint of the process. Problem is I can't seem to find the actual ...
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3 votes
1 answer
292 views

CreateTimerQueueTimer arguments differs from WinAPI

I was reading a man page about CreateTimerQueueTimer. BOOL CreateTimerQueueTimer( PHANDLE phNewTimer, HANDLE TimerQueue, WAITORTIMERCALLBACK Callback, PVOID ...
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How to call WinApi from a breakpoint in IDA Pro?

When I'm stepping through a debuggee process with IDA+WinDbg (as a debugger), I need to track one parameter by executing the following API (from within the breakpoint): //C++ code SCROLLINFO s; s....
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Missing Symbols RtlGetFrame, RtlPushFrame, RtlPopFrame

I'd like to use some undocumented symbols that listed in ProcessHacker project. taken from Here: https://github.com/processhacker/processhacker/blob/master/phnt/include/ntpebteb.h#L241 https://...
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3 votes
1 answer
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GetWindowLongPtr with undocumented nIndex of -1

I'm trying to reverse functionality of scrollbars in comctrl32.dll and I keep witnessing them calling GetWindowLongPtr function with undocumented index -1 as such: Does anybody know what that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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x64dbg how to set conditional breakpoint on WinAPI function

I am trying to solve a GUI based crackme. https://crackmes.one/crackme/5c68758633c5d4776a837cc4 so that I learn security. I want to set a conditional Break point on user32.CallWindowProcA. Microsoft ...
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What is the difference between kernelBase.dll and Kernel32.dll

What is the difference between kernelBase.dll and Kernel32.dll in system32 folder ? Why both of them implement WideCharToMultiByte ?
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int 2eh instead of syscall/sysenter [duplicate]

I have been looking into ntdll.dll on windows 10 x64 bit, and i noticed a check inside the ntdll like this: So after testing some bit, it tries to execute the system call via int 2eh. I have tried to ...
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Calling undocumented kernel functions directly (xxxSendInput and xxxMouseEventDirect)

In the core my question is about how to reverse engineer undocumented functions. I want to call the function "xxxMouseEventDirect" (located in win32kfull.sys). I have already been able to collect some ...
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1 vote
1 answer
634 views

Injecting exe file into process fails on windows 7 but works on windows 10 / Execution library function fails, access denied

I'm trying to inject my executable payload into remote process. I allocated memory in remote process, I converted raw payload using RVA addressing. I applied relocations and imports table. When I'm ...
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2 votes
1 answer
439 views

Missing kernel32.dll in import table

I have very basic application which is console app dispaying message box. In Visual Studio I change following options: - C/C++ -> SecurityCheck -> Disable Security Check (/GS-) - Linker -> ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to debug slow Windows API calls?

My machine at work has recently been updated to Windows 10, from Windows 7, and it has become incredibly slow. The IT has installed a bunch of new tools for security and protection after the upgrade ...
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1 answer
452 views

How to see ReadFile results with ProcMon

I running procmon to monitor my process, and see that my process uses ReadFile API. How can I see which data the process received when it uses ReadFile?
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2 answers
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Magic number in resource loading routine

I'm practicing windows disassembly on x64 notepad.exe I've managed to find buffer allocation and string resources load. But after that follows code, which I can't fully understand: rbx = 0, rdx = 0 ...
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3 votes
1 answer
154 views

Why does this function calls offset move when I restart windows

Every time I restart windows it breaks the patch I've made to an executable where I've called a function from the dll user32.dll. Currently the offset for the function call resides at 0x76E3CDB4, but ...
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1 vote
2 answers
6k views

What is \Sessions\1\BaseNamedObjects\NamedBuffer?

I see those in a debugger (OllyDbg, handles subwindow), but I never meet an explanation on what those are. Here is the full content of it, and to be honest I want to know the meaning of all of this. ...
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3 answers
2k views

In Memory DLL Injection

I am currently working on learning how different types of DLL injection can be performed. Right now I am able to run a function by: Opening the remote process; Allocating memory in remote process; ...
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1 answer
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Information about packers

i was trying to search for some information about packers just to learn more about it, there is a lot of stuff out there but its hard to find something that really explain that good and clear, I would ...
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1 answer
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Find the code used when you right click and select "Bring To Front" in Task Manager

How can I find out what code is being called when you right click on a process in Windows Task Manager, and click on "Bring To Front" ? This is related to https://stackoverflow.com/questions/45046765/...
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1 vote
2 answers
754 views

Dumping Memory to Raw File

Is there a way to dump a section of process memory knowing the start and end address to raw bin file via a winapi function or some other method? I know that you can do this easily with a debugger, but ...
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3 votes
3 answers
1k views

How to debug ServiceMain function of a service?

I have a malware which is checking for keyboard type and locale information. After that, it creates a service with BinaryPathName as malware's exe address. After creating a service, malware starts it ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Fighting programs that don't respond to Send/PostMessage-based input

This can be difficult to ask because 1) people assume this is necessarily malicious and 2) unrelated but effectual techniques like GetForegroundWindow can make this impossible to answer. So, to keep ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
603 views

How can I get the process information in windows without using APIs?

I want to write a program to obtain the information of process, for the purpose of detecting and combating malware. I can use C++ and Win32 APIs to finish it, but I then started suspecting those APIs ...
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3 votes
1 answer
563 views

How to debug packet processing with overlapped socket on Windows

The problem is quite complex so i don't want to run into unneccessary details. I have a network application, that communicates with multiple clients at once via UDP. I haven't written it and there is ...
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1 answer
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How to bypass this old windows application's free disk space check?

This windows application checks the available disk space when an attempt is made to enable a feature. The error message can be translated into "You need 2145461018 more bytes to load this tileset. ...
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0 votes
1 answer
367 views

How to capture Data from OllyDbg window?

I'm trying to capture data from OllyDbg's info window (PWM_INFO), to do that I've captured that particular window using winspy++, how could i use the info provided by winspy++ with the WinAPI? I mean, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to analyze a child process created by malware by process hollowing mechanism using immunity debugger?

When I analyzed this malware sample it was invoking api's related to creating additional processes. With the process explorer I saw the debugged process is creating a new process. Please suggest any ...
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1 vote
2 answers
337 views

Identifying DeviceIoControl argument

I am reversing an application that uses the serial interface (COM1 port) and am using API Monitor to trace through the API calls. I found a reference to CreateFileA("\\.\Commsb96", GENERIC_READ | ...
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2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Winapi ReadFile monitor

I'm trying to make a small proxy dll that will be able to print out all the files that a game tries to access from disk. I'm using a dinput8 wrapper dll as my proxy dll, from where I've managed to ...
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4 votes
1 answer
6k views

IDA python, list all imported functions

I have the following IDA python script. It sets and removes breakpoints on all calls to library functions: import idc import idaapi import idautils def set_breakpoints(): ea = idc.ScreenEA() ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Changes on threads and threading system, in new Windows OS

I looked up the source code of the functions like CreateProcess and CreateThreade from kernel32. For example, CreateThread@kernel32 leads into kernelbase.dll and ends with a call to NtCreateThreadEx. ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How do I access the TEB in PIN?

In PIN's documentation it says this about PIN_SafeCopy: PIN_SafeCopy is used to copy the specified number of bytes from a source memory region to a destination memory region. This function ...
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