Questions tagged [memory]

Part of the computer used to store data and code. Can refer to questions about, both, live memory investigation and ROM investigation.

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107 views

How to jump to a new empty memory that related to the program to write another code there?

I have a line of code like that ex:MOV EAX, 100, I want to write a little bigger code instead of that code but I can't, so I want to write a jump instruction ex:jmp 0x123456 that jumps to another ...
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Log input data and resulting hash for CC_MD5 calls in an iOS app with Frida

I am trying to understand the usage of calls to CC_MD5 in an iOS application. From Apple's man page I can see that when it is called it requires 3 arguments: extern unsigned char * CC_MD5(const void *...
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find cheat engine pointers in ghidra

I find a pointer of my health so a function would have made the pointer and put the health in it (tell me if I'm wrong) how do I look for the function?
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58 views

How can I get the correct offset from that instruction?

I have the following instructions: The registers' values in the First instruction are: RAX=0000000033307EE0 RCX=0000000000000000 The registers' values in the Second instruction are: RAX=...
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Reverse Engineering Javascript - Out of Memory

I found this javascript file on one of those online movie streaming services and was interested in finding out what it does. However, after trying many deobfuscators I am still stuck. A major ...
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How can I get a value from a memory address that changes almost every millisecond?

After a lot of time, I found an address in the memory that has the target value but there is something unusual in that address! that address changes every millisecond. ScreenShot: I did a hardware ...
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macOS under M1, cannot find library

I'm looking for the following dylib file which is included from process loginwindow. If I run vmmap to inspect loginwindow while it's up and running I get : user@mycomp / % sudo vmmap -I ``pgrep ...
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1answer
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Where do mouse/keyboard GUI inputs get queued or stored?

Where do mouse-clicks in a program's GUI window/menus (Windows OS) get stored in memory? Is there some sort of input/GUI "queue" similar to Windows messages queuing? I'm wondering if it'd be possible ...
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GDB find string strange results

I'm playing with gdb and strange things are happening. I wanted to find some address in memory where string "/bin/sh" is located, and gdb says it found it. But when I examine the memory there, the ...
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204 views

IDA memory mirroring

I am trying to reverse engineer an embedded firmware in IDA. It mirrors memory address 0x80000000-0x81FFFFF to 0xA0000000-0xA1FFFFFF. How do I setup IDA to recognise memory mirroring.
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What is the difference between a file on disk and a file on memory?

Currently, I am learning about the differences between static and dynamic analysis. I have come across this incredible question that has been bugging me: What happens to the file (in memory) when you ...
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Is it possible copy and save bootloader using CLI telnet commands?

I need get copy of original Bootloader from device running embedded Linux. Is it possible copy and save bootloader using CLI telnet commands? I have full access to CLI interface. Is there way copy ...
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IDA help me understand these operations on the memory

I have a stripped binary, which I want to reverse engineer. I spent quite some time with it, and dug myself through most of it, however, I got stuck near these lines. Context: the program has 5 local ...
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103 views

How does cheat engine's “dissect data structures” work?

In Cheat Engine there is function for analyse memory. The result of this analysis is types of memory bytes. I can't understand the algorithm of this analysis. How can it define that these bytes are ...
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289 views

In x64dbg, how to set software breakpoint on specific memory address?

This is something I know how to do in Olly Debugger, and can't figure out how to do in x64dbg. In Olly Debugger, it's possible to set a hardware or software breakpoint, either on access or on write, ...
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Replacing a memory block in Ghidra

I've loaded a program into Ghidra and done a few hours' worth of work on it. The loader created a memory block for RAM, but all the uninitialized areas contain nonsense. Unfortunately there isn't ...
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34 views

error shmat function when simulating MIPS file in Qemu

I want to run (simulating) MIPS file with Qemu: $file httpd httpd: ELF 32-bit MSB executable, MIPS, MIPS32 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib/ld-uClibc.so.0, no section header ...
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46 views

Expanding .data section at particular area

I have a program which creates a hard-coded number of objects. I patched the binary so that now it can attempt to create more objects than the limit allows, however when it does it allocates them to ...
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API-Monitor not logging buffer

I have a problem with API-Monitor. When I try to capture data (here: network traffic), API-Monitor doesn't log the buffer from the recieved data. For send() it works well, but for recv() it doesn't ...
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Can a Windows process check if it has been injected by another process?

There are many tutorials which show how to detect injected code into process memory. However, this generally requires using a debugger. Is it possible for a process to somehow detect if it has been ...
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384 views

c++ reading process memory with injected DLL

The reading works fine until it reaches base+27.058.176(bytes) address. At this address VirtualProtect() failes with error 487 (Attempt to access invalid address). Why does it return this error? Btw ...
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108 views

What is copy_block struct in Tricore Arch?

Recently I work on Tricore Arch to reverse an algorithm. But I had a problem to find a constant value(4 byte). the line of code shown below: ld32.w d4, [a0]-0x68D4 I know a0 = 0xD00032E0 but ...
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Intel Pin memory operations tracking

I am using Intel Pin in order trace memory activity of an executable on Windows. What I have found, that most of the memory operands (Read or Write) operates with 2 or 4 bytes. So I decided to modify ...
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25 views

How can a debugger break on dynamic loaded libraries?

I think I have a massive understanding problem with the following issue: Usually the loader will fix the Import Table for the modules that have been loaded, right, so if I set a breakpoint on ...
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238 views

Do all games have static base addresses for values like gold and energy?

I am currently reversing Stardew Valley and I have been trying to trace the pointers to a static base address for values like gold and energy. The problem is that I can't find any static base ...
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How does radare2 create its memory layout?

Firstly Hello, this is my first post on this forum even though im reading alot here. Im trying to get into reversing and Low-Level stuff in general lately, and im a bit stuck right here. I did read ...
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243 views

The C166 family code meaning

What the meaning of this code with an explanation? sub_37C2: mov r5, r4 shr r5, #14 shl r5, #1 mov r5, [r5+0FE00h] ; DPP0 bmov r4.14, r5.0 bmov r4.15, r5.1 shr r5, #2 rets ; ...
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Strange memory allocation behaviour

I'm currently working on a modding library for a particular game, and I have come across a part of the menu system that I can't figure out the purpose of. The expression in question is this: unsigned ...
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C166 Memory and Addressing mode

Here I think I have some wrong in base concepts, In the code shown below as you have seen, r4 is input argument for sub_37C2 where r4 is r0 + 6. And probably this function return r4 and r5. So, we ...
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105 views

Rust string capacity lower than string lenght

According to RUST documentation, strings are stored this way : This is a statement I can verify while reversing rust binaries. The thing is that when I am reversing rust binaries, I likely encounter ...
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48 views

Change value of memory in a debugger?

So I got this app loaded in x64, there is a function, let's say "HeatGainedPerShot", which is basically the value which an object gains everytime it fires, Such a value would normally exist ...
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28 views

WinDbg pattern search not returning expected result

I'm searching for a string, say the old "This program cannot run". Switching context to e.g. notepad, non invasive, with page translation 1: kd> !process 0 0 notepad.exe PROCESS ...
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4k views

Editing memory in radare2

It sounds like a stupid question but I honestly can't find the answer... I've looked at https://radare.gitbooks.io/radare2book/content/ and googled for hours but it still eludes me. How do I modify ...
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60 views

Immediate offset LDR in presumed malloc function looks wrong in static analysis

I am attempting to disassemble a ROM image for a BCM4366C [1] after reading a blog post where researchers reversed some other Broadcom chips [2] . I have analyzed the ROM image in Ghidra and I have ...
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111 views

Subaru Eyesight Images and collision avoidance systems

I'm new to hardware hacking and I'm not to sure where to go with what I'm doing, any advice or feedback is greatly appreciated. I've been working on a project with the hope of downloading images that ...
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40 views

WinHex : There's a data that does not belong to any module

I read my process memory with WinHex in order to remove some sensitive text which may running my app into crack/hack.(license data). Now , when i open the process Entire memory with in WinHex , i can ...
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68 views

What is the difference between mapped and private memory segments in xdbg? and what is a reserved segment?

So in xdbg in the memory map, i can see that some segments are mapped and some are private, at first i thought maybe mapped means it has a corresponding file on disk and its the mapped version of that,...
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75 views

Why there are only 8 hexa memory digits while my RAM is 16G

I'm totally new to reverse engineering, when I start debugging my c program with radare2, and start showing assembly, I found that addresses are only 8 hexa digits, which means 16^8 = 4294967296 ...
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Can i dump dll from pagefile?

Like the title of this question, im trying to dump dll of process but it only return a message Error: Dllbase is paged (pic below) So is the dll on pagefile and can i extract it from pagefile.sys ? ...
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How to retrieve assembly from a raw memory dump?

I have a running memory dump saved as a raw binary file. This isn't a standalone executable - it's literally just a snapshot of running memory. I'm looking for a tool that will help me identify ...
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345 views

Can GUI elements of a running program be found/located in memory?

Is it possible for a particular GUI element of a running program (on Windows platform) to be located in memory, such as a text element from a dialog box? For example, locating title text of a drop-...
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How does glibc malloc work?

Wishing to dig in the internals of dynamic memory allocation on Linux, the best I could find is an article titled Understanding glibc malloc. The explanation, though detailed, is not quite ...
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353 views

Byte-patch a JMP

I have an address and I want to byte-patch it because there is a JMP that I want to block. But when I NOP it, the game just crash because it corrupt the function. So, I don't know what to do for block ...
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69 views

Executable code in the same location differs in memory and on disk

I'm trying to inject code to change the byte value of a CMP in an executable from 0 to 2 at runtime, in order to effectively no-op a boolean comparison as part of an effort to insert my own behavior. ...
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142 views

IDA shows MEMORY or unknown references on C std library calls (memset, memcpy, etc.)

I'm currently reversing a Linux 32-bit executable (with a statically linked library included in it) but I'm having a little problem I can't find a solution for. Basically whenever I stumble across a ...
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113 views

Manufacturer interface on OCZ Agility 4 SSD

Inside the housing of an OCZ Agility 4 SSD I found several additional connectors on the opposite site of the SATA connectors. What are they good for and how to connect them properly? Zoomed:
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How do I view the call stack of an executable?

Basically I'm trying to edit memory (replace branch with a nop so the executable can't branch to auth function). I've done successful reverse engineering on gaming consoles, but I don't really know ...
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358 views

Get NonPagedPool (NPP) Base Address on any Windows OS

Is there a way to get the the base(start) address of the NonPagedPool in Windows ? I know that it's dynamic for Post windows 7 Operating Systems (Does this include Windows server 2008 ?)
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323 views

Prevent Memory Inspection in a Cython program?

Cython is a great way to protect the source code of a Python program. However, memory inspection and memory reverse engineering can still be done to this Cython program. What are ways to prevent (or ...
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224 views

Is it possible to use a program's GUI abilities without the GUI?

Is it possible to use/call programs' GUI abilities directly without using the GUI (programmatically, not by keyboarding)? For example, a program with abilities nested too deeply in cascading submenus:...

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