Questions tagged [memory]

Part of the computer used to store data and code. Can refer to questions about, both, live memory investigation and ROM investigation.

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How to prevent dynamic loader from modifying binary in memory?

I have patched a loadable object (an .so file) from this: xor eax,0x304b7c0 to this: mov eax,0x0 When I try to run my binary with these modifications, the application loads the .so file and then it ...
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ghidra returning wrong function address

I am reverse engineering a android app shared library (.so file) and I am trying to use frida to hook a non exported native function I am using this hook const ghidraImageBase = 0x00100000; const ...
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Is it possible for different dynamic memory addresses to share the same offset value?

I am currently using cheat engine to hack a game. I used the pointer scanner to find some pointers to the pistol ammo memory location. I then went to look for pointers to the shotgun ammo memory ...
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Help starting with UEFI/SMM exploits

I have a 845 g7 with a bios 1.06, which has a load of CVEs which allow SMM and DXE exploits: https://support.hp.com/ca-en/drivers/selfservice/hp-elitebook-845-g7-notebook-pc/37506818 (under the UEFI ...
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Examining memory without attaching to the process by using /proc/$PID/mem?

I have a gap in my understanding and tooling. Now I would prefer to use Radare2, but will consider any answer. Let's use this program as an example. #include <stdio.h> #include <unistd.h> ...
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How do I align a memory dump hex file so that a pointer address matches its location in the memory dump file?

I'm learning C and trying to understand how things like buffer overflows and other memory issues work. I am doing this on Windows for convenience reasons but would have no problem doing it on WSL or a ...
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Tool to Analyse Browser memory in Javascript console

By using the Inspector tool, we can access every object in the browser using the console. For example, if you go to Youtube.com and you open the console, and you type ytInitialData , you can see the ...
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ARM - Understanding a "base address" when reversing firmware

I've read that when reversing firmware from an embedded system it's important to get the right base address of the firmware to make sure cross references to things such as strings work when looking at ...
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Volatility 2.x command missing in Volatility 3.x?

I am doing some memory analysis exercises with Volatility. Here, they used the command cmdscan in the Volatility 2.x framework to analyze executed commands from a windows command prompt. Sadly, I was ...
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How to extract specific data from memory

I'm totally new to this reverse engineering stuff. I'm working on my own project and trying to parse poker games from PokerStars application. I have already done with injecting my DLL to the app, but ...
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Extract certificate information of a process from memory dump

I have a .dmp file for googleupdate.exe process. I wanted to check in WinDbg this process has a certificate or not in order to detect this process has modified or not because this process has tried ...
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Unable to redirect program because function address is not correctly written to the heap

I have a heap overflow example program (heap0.c)compiled as follows: gcc heap0.c -w -g -no-pie -z execstack -o heap0 In order to overwrite the instruction pointer with (BBBB = \x42\x42\x42\x42), I ...
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ReadProcessMemory from host to Hyper-V Windows Guest VM

Is it possible to use ReadProcessMemory or some other form of it maybe via a library to read memory from a virtual machine running inside Hyper-V? The host is running Windows 11 the Guest is running ...
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Scraping data from an audio analyzer application

Briefly: I have an app that analyzes audio files and classifies them into 4 or 5 categories, how would one go about scraping the category each audio file belongs to? What is a good place to start? ...
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How does Cheat Engine offset calculation work?

I have this memory address 0F58F478 and this offset 5C. I'm using memory sharp and it works perfectly when I'm adding this number. IntPtr address = _mSharp.Read<IntPtr>(0F58F478, false) + 0x5C; /...
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calculate memory address from IDA to use with Frida

I saw an interesting value in IDA at address 0xf8766; I want to view the value at that address. I debug an Android application with Frida, how can I put this address in Frida to watch this value? I ...
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How can I find out the size of heap allocations?

While I debug with GDB I see the address of a buffer that's located on the heap. How can I know what is the size of this buffer? Or where (in the code) this buffer was originally allocated? When I ...
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How to reverse engineer a setjmp/longjmp sequence?

I'm trying to reverse engineer the GNU libc x86 (32 bit) setjmp / longjmp (re a vuln which may allow arbitrary overwrite of the jmp_buf env. There's a great writeup of the musl setjmp but I can find ...
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How is lite hash rate (LHR) of Nvidia implemented?

Nvidia limited some of their GPUs with LHR to decrease the performance of Ethereum mining. What in detail is LHR doing? It seems to limit non sequential memory operations (which is actually not what ...
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Question About Buffer Overflow And NOP Sled

I am trying to learn buffer overflow but I have a question about one CTF. In "Buffer Overflows" CTF in Tryhackme, while creating the payload, I can use '0x7fffffffe388' or '0x7fffffffe398' ...
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Not Understanding the FU540 Boot Process

I'm reading the manual for the SiFive FU540-C000 trying to understand the boot process, and I'm not making sense of the initial steps after power on. I'm using MSEL = 1111 based on the recommendation ...
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Log input data and resulting hash for CC_MD5 calls in an iOS app with Frida

I am trying to understand the usage of calls to CC_MD5 in an iOS application. From Apple's man page I can see that when it is called it requires 3 arguments: extern unsigned char * CC_MD5(const void *...
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How can I get the correct offset from that instruction?

I have the following instructions: The registers' values in the First instruction are: RAX=0000000033307EE0 RCX=0000000000000000 The registers' values in the Second instruction are: RAX=...
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How to jump to a new empty memory that related to the program to write another code there?

I have a line of code like that ex:MOV EAX, 100, I want to write a little bigger code instead of that code but I can't, so I want to write a jump instruction ex:jmp 0x123456 that jumps to another ...
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How can I get a value from a memory address that changes almost every millisecond?

After a lot of time, I found an address in the memory that has the target value but there is something unusual in that address! that address changes every millisecond. ScreenShot: I did a hardware ...
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macOS under M1, cannot find library

I'm looking for the following dylib file which is included from process loginwindow. If I run vmmap to inspect loginwindow while it's up and running I get : user@mycomp / % sudo vmmap -I ``pgrep ...
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In x64dbg, how to set software breakpoint on specific memory address?

This is something I know how to do in Olly Debugger, and can't figure out how to do in x64dbg. In Olly Debugger, it's possible to set a hardware or software breakpoint, either on access or on write, ...
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How does cheat engine's "dissect data structures" work?

In Cheat Engine there is function for analyse memory. The result of this analysis is types of memory bytes. I can't understand the algorithm of this analysis. How can it define that these bytes are ...
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Expanding .data section at particular area

I have a program which creates a hard-coded number of objects. I patched the binary so that now it can attempt to create more objects than the limit allows, however when it does it allocates them to ...
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API-Monitor not logging buffer

I have a problem with API-Monitor. When I try to capture data (here: network traffic), API-Monitor doesn't log the buffer from the recieved data. For send() it works well, but for recv() it doesn't ...
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error shmat function when simulating MIPS file in Qemu

I want to run (simulating) MIPS file with Qemu: $file httpd httpd: ELF 32-bit MSB executable, MIPS, MIPS32 version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, interpreter /lib/ld-uClibc.so.0, no section header ...
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What is copy_block struct in Tricore Arch?

Recently I work on Tricore Arch to reverse an algorithm. But I had a problem to find a constant value(4 byte). the line of code shown below: ld32.w d4, [a0]-0x68D4 I know a0 = 0xD00032E0 but ...
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How can a debugger break on dynamic loaded libraries?

I think I have a massive understanding problem with the following issue: Usually the loader will fix the Import Table for the modules that have been loaded, right, so if I set a breakpoint on ...
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How does radare2 create its memory layout?

Firstly Hello, this is my first post on this forum even though im reading alot here. Im trying to get into reversing and Low-Level stuff in general lately, and im a bit stuck right here. I did read ...
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find cheat engine pointers in ghidra

I find a pointer of my health so a function would have made the pointer and put the health in it (tell me if I'm wrong) how do I look for the function?
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Strange memory allocation behaviour

I'm currently working on a modding library for a particular game, and I have come across a part of the menu system that I can't figure out the purpose of. The expression in question is this: unsigned ...
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The C166 family code meaning

What the meaning of this code with an explanation? sub_37C2: mov r5, r4 shr r5, #14 shl r5, #1 mov r5, [r5+0FE00h] ; DPP0 bmov r4.14, r5.0 bmov r4.15, r5.1 shr r5, #2 rets ; ...
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Rust string capacity lower than string lenght

According to RUST documentation, strings are stored this way : This is a statement I can verify while reversing rust binaries. The thing is that when I am reversing rust binaries, I likely encounter ...
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Change value of memory in a debugger?

So I got this app loaded in x64, there is a function, let's say "HeatGainedPerShot", which is basically the value which an object gains everytime it fires, Such a value would normally exist ...
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WinDbg pattern search not returning expected result

I'm searching for a string, say the old "This program cannot run". Switching context to e.g. notepad, non invasive, with page translation 1: kd> !process 0 0 notepad.exe PROCESS ...
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Immediate offset LDR in presumed malloc function looks wrong in static analysis

I am attempting to disassemble a ROM image for a BCM4366C [1] after reading a blog post where researchers reversed some other Broadcom chips [2] . I have analyzed the ROM image in Ghidra and I have ...
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WinHex : There's a data that does not belong to any module

I read my process memory with WinHex in order to remove some sensitive text which may running my app into crack/hack.(license data). Now , when i open the process Entire memory with in WinHex , i can ...
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Subaru Eyesight Images and collision avoidance systems

I'm new to hardware hacking and I'm not to sure where to go with what I'm doing, any advice or feedback is greatly appreciated. I've been working on a project with the hope of downloading images that ...
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Why there are only 8 hexa memory digits while my RAM is 16G

I'm totally new to reverse engineering, when I start debugging my c program with radare2, and start showing assembly, I found that addresses are only 8 hexa digits, which means 16^8 = 4294967296 ...
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What is the difference between mapped and private memory segments in xdbg? and what is a reserved segment?

So in xdbg in the memory map, i can see that some segments are mapped and some are private, at first i thought maybe mapped means it has a corresponding file on disk and its the mapped version of that,...
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Can i dump dll from pagefile?

Like the title of this question, im trying to dump dll of process but it only return a message Error: Dllbase is paged (pic below) So is the dll on pagefile and can i extract it from pagefile.sys ? ...
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Where do mouse/keyboard GUI inputs get queued or stored?

Where do mouse-clicks in a program's GUI window/menus (Windows OS) get stored in memory? Is there some sort of input/GUI "queue" similar to Windows messages queuing? I'm wondering if it'd be possible ...
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c++ reading process memory with injected DLL

The reading works fine until it reaches base+27.058.176(bytes) address. At this address VirtualProtect() failes with error 487 (Attempt to access invalid address). Why does it return this error? Btw ...
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Reverse Engineering Javascript - Out of Memory

I found this javascript file on one of those online movie streaming services and was interested in finding out what it does. However, after trying many deobfuscators I am still stuck. A major ...
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Byte-patch a JMP

I have an address and I want to byte-patch it because there is a JMP that I want to block. But when I NOP it, the game just crash because it corrupt the function. So, I don't know what to do for block ...
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