Questions tagged [malware]

Malware, a portmanteau for malicious software, is software used or created by attackers to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to computer systems.

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1answer
988 views

Unable to unpack heavly obfuscated malware

I'm trying to unpack malware packed with ConfuserEx 1.0.0 and I can't seem to get it to work. Each time I remove the anti-tamper the whole file gets corrupted. I tried all possible tools that I found ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Can relative offsets in instructions like call and jmp change after recompiling the same code, or running it in another computer?

So lets say we want to use some instructions as signature for a malware, and it includes some call instructions or jmp instructions, now as far as i have seen they always contain relative offset as ...
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0answers
14 views

Android dynamic UI state inspection/profiling tool

I am looking after for a command-line tool that can perform dynamic view hierarchy analysis similar to the UI tool in Android Studio https://developer.android.com/studio/debug/layout-inspector. Is ...
2
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1answer
59 views

How to “unprotect” malicious workbook without knowing password

Right now I'm looking at an office document (most likely rtf based on it exploiting equation editor) that opens just fine when you double click it, but on further examination in a hex editor and in ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Linux encryption/luks/pymouth password scripts corruption

I noticed that the bootup scripts that collect the password for full disk encryption on linux (fedora-31) were displaying corrupted text. The kind that looked like binary data being printed at text: ...
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1answer
61 views

Obfuscated VBE malware script analysis

Some actions of this script are clear e.g. the section that adds firewall rules, others not so much On Error Resume Next F27 F10 A0 DBCF Sub F27() Dim E13C563AFCB34, C0009B48F34B, C8, ...
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0answers
32 views

How does this wannacry sample work?

I downloaded wannacry sample here: https://github.com/fadyosman/WannaCrySample/releases. Don't forget to enter password for archive. I figured out how most of the binary works, except the very last ...
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1answer
120 views

How can I know what the executable is missing to run?

I have extracted a presence of MZ file from memory which happen to be available in virustotal ( might be a malicious executable). However, I could not run the program. It seems to have some missing ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Fileless malware samples

If file-based malware sample can be downloaded from sites such as theZoo aka Malware DB or any sites as suggested here, what about fileless malware as it doesn't store it's copy in the hard disk? If ...
3
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1answer
56 views

CreateTimerQueueTimer arguments differs from WinAPI

I was reading a man page about CreateTimerQueueTimer. BOOL CreateTimerQueueTimer( PHANDLE phNewTimer, HANDLE TimerQueue, WAITORTIMERCALLBACK Callback, PVOID ...
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2answers
255 views

Why Windows Defender is not able to get rid of this trojan?

Every time I start my PC, Windows Defender shows a notification saying that the virus Trojan:Win32/Ceprolad.A was deleted, which means indeed that it wasn't, as most antivirus I've tried these days (...
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0answers
68 views

API Hiding Issue

I'm trying to analyze a malware which is hiding API names. When I open it with CFF Explorer, except a few API like GetProcAddress, nothing appears. Basically, I know how API hiding works. I set a ...
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3answers
121 views

What is the difference between malware that is 'dumped' and one that is 'unpacked'?

On malware sharing communities, I have been noticing that the samples shared are marked as unpacked or dumped. I have tried to load the dumped malware in IDAFree, however, there is nothing in the ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the best approach for using IDA's remote debugger for analyzing a sample with two VMs?

Sorry if this is a stupid question but couldnt find the answer by googling Right now I analyze a malware by using remote debugger of IDA, and i run the debugger on a isolated VM that has shared a ...
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2answers
89 views

Tools for detecting packing and encryption

I'm doing a cert in malware analysis and I'm looking for some up to date tools to automate detection of packing and encryption to aid the reversing process. I've found TitanMist however it seems ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Unable to properly analyze a very simple C-compiled program

I'm a RE beginner and I decided to start writing my own simple code for practice. I wrote a simple code which uses a winAPI function called CreateProcess to start a calc.exe, I've wrote it in C and ...
0
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2answers
62 views

How to Calculate ds Pointer

How do I calculate the location of the string in this sample located at offset 0x1CAD8? The instruction at 0x140001A97 in the sample is: 0x140001A97 F2 0F1005 39C60100 movsd xmm0, qword [rip + ...
2
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2answers
109 views

Malware Samples that defeats emulators by using uncommon API calls [closed]

I am looking for a few malware samples that detects sandboxes using uncommon API calls. I understand that one of the drawbacks of OS emulated sandboxes is that the malware can use uncommon API calls ...
2
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1answer
98 views

How to hide a process from all the methods of getting the list of processes?

So it seems that there are a lot of ways of getting the process list, although I'm not sure whether in the low level do they acquire them from same place or not so these are the ways i know : ...
8
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2answers
975 views

Automated Static Unpacking Binaries

I am reading the paper Automatic Static Unpacking of Malware Binaries (Kevin Coogan et al.) with the goal of trying to reproduce the given experimental results (with Hybris-C, MyDoom.q, tElock, etc), ...
2
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1answer
166 views

Recognize a decryption algorithm

I'm trying to reverse a malware that builds its IAT at runtime. Due to my inexperience, I'm having trouble to understand this function that accepts into EAX a dword (maybe some sort of hash) and into ...
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1answer
73 views

Difficulty obtaining malware traffic

I'm trying to get a particular piece of malware to beacon, and I have my box connected to remnux, with inetsim and fakedns running. Using this setup I have been able to acquire good pcap from most ...
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1answer
69 views

malware analysis [closed]

I tried to use process monitor to find out what program 4.exe did on my system. However, I could not find what changes were made. I believe that this program modifies some files and the registry, but ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Start vs WinMain()

I am trying to analyze a malicious DLL and when I loaded it in IDA, I can see two functions - DLLEntryPoint and DLLMain. I then proceeded to change the format by switching the characteristics bit that ...
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3answers
2k views

How can I export only the opcodes from objdump (or any other program)

I have multiple malware files, I want to do an analysis with the opcodes. Im able to export everything to text but I only need the middle column. Any idea on how can I solve this? In other words of ...
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0answers
106 views

IDAPython - Find the start of an undefined code blob

I'm currently working on an IDAPython script that aims to remove various rogue-byte from the malware that I'm reversing. I'm in a case where some portions of my code contain this type of anti-...
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3answers
371 views

Cyber security student wanting to start learning reverse engineering [duplicate]

I'm really interested in learning reverse engineering. Especially in regards to malware. Any help is much appreciated What should I learn before I start to learn reverse engineering? Is learning C/...
68
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9answers
66k views

Analyzing highly obfuscated JavaScript

I was recently analyzing a web page that contained some highly obfuscated JavaScript - it's clear that the author had went through quite a bit of effort to make it as hard to understand as possible. I'...
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0answers
76 views

Reverse Engineering Android ROMS to detect malicious code

I'm working on reverse Engineering Android ROMS (Firmware you can flash onto your phone) so that I can scan them for malicious behavior. I've been looking all over the internet but unfortunately I'm ...
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0answers
55 views

Reproduce compilation (ASM) output for library detection - identifying compiler, version & options used

I want to reverse a stripped x86 sample that uses a static library. So far I could identify the library itself and narrow the version of the library used. Now I want to use Ghidra's Function ID ...
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0answers
65 views

Determine what architecture a piece of shellcode targets

After some personal research I didn't find any possible way or a paper to explain how to determine what architecture a given piece of shellcode may targets. The only obvious way I found would be to ...
3
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3answers
343 views

Academic journals for latest RE/Malware/Exploitation research?

I am looking for journals to keep track of the latest advances in reverse engineering, binary analysis, malware, binary exploitation, etc.
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0answers
124 views

Reverse engineering .NET malware - iloveyou.exe

I have a .NET malware sample whose dynamic behavior I understand. It is also packed. de4dot identified the obfuscator as .NET Reactor, so I used de4dot to de-obfuscate it. However, after de-...
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0answers
56 views

idapython - Scan all possible code paths between start and end addresses

I have a start and end address inside a function segment. How can I step through all the possible code paths easily, including jumps, function calls, etc that occur between the start and the end point?...
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0answers
108 views

How can I extract resource images from Visual Basic 6 Malware

I am reverse engineering some malware that is written in VB6. I found this tool which tried to decompile the .exe, but I noticed that the image that is being loaded by the .exe is suspicious and I ...
1
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1answer
586 views

Detecting cracked Themida packed malware

I'm working in a large SOC and my manager has tasked me with finding some way to provide coverage for Themida packed malware samples. As alluring as it is to suggest just blacklisting all Themida ...
2
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1answer
552 views

Difficulty in debugging with dnSpy

I have a dotnet malware sample that I'm trying to debug with dnSpy. It has string obfuscation (contains function names such as BarriersBottomed, etc.) I cleaned the sample using de4dot and renamed ...
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0answers
37 views

Replacing a function call with it's result in a script

I'm working with a heavily obfuscated Autoit malware script and one of the major problems is that almost all variables and lines of code are obfuscated by a custom function. The problem is that this ...
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3answers
270 views

Most efficient way to begin analyzing malware binary

I'm taking a reverse engineering course and the class has just been given a big project where we have to analyze a packed malware binary. I am using a Windows 10 VM. I am a little confused on where to ...
120
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14answers
114k views

Where can I, as an individual, get malware samples to analyze?

It seems that a popular use of software reverse engineering skills is to reverse malicious code in an effort to build better protection for users. The bottleneck here for people aspiring to break ...
0
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2answers
413 views

What's happening in the assembly main function?

I'm currently inspecting a 32-bit malware executable in a WinXP VM using IDA Pro (free version). I don't understand what's happening in the main function here. Where should I set the breakpoints (...
0
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2answers
123 views

capturing the sub processes's PID of a process

When a program is executed, some processes may be created by the parent process. Especially, if a program is malware, created (or forked or even injected) sub-processes will be named as a systemic ...
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1answer
56 views

what does BYTES_REVERSED_HI and BYTES_REVERSED_LO in an PE signify

How can these pe attributes be used to identify malware. I was going though a paper link at page 10 he mentioned. "BYTES_REVERSED_HI and BYTES_REVERSED_LO both make ideal candidates as a primary ...
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2answers
3k views

Alternative to CaptureBAT on Windows 7?

I am working on some malware that currently only runs with Windows 7 is detected. I would like to use CaptureBAT, but it doesn't work on Windows 7 (with the exception of network monitoring). Is there ...
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2answers
302 views

CreateThread returns true but thread doesn't run [closed]

I have a PE executable which uses threads to handle most of its functionality. It uses CreateThread API to spawn local threads to handle functions. The call to the CreateThread returns a valid handle ...
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2answers
161 views

Emotet invoice, what is the embedded file inside the word document

This pastebin hosts current URLs hosting the fake invoice of Emotet malware, which is the dropper part of the malware. The document is a Office Open XML, and there are two large non textual segments ...
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1answer
187 views

ida pro issue debugging issues with ntdll [closed]

I am using IDA pro to follow along a youtube video of RE from OALabs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdNQhfgoQoU&t=1575s I am facing a problem when i try to put a break point on functions in ...
3
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2answers
313 views

Manually unpacking DarkTequila, stumped. Can anyone help?

The malware is packed w/ UPX - can see 0/1 in sections. Sure, I can can a tool or even use UPX -d -o flags .exe to create an unpacked copy with a >97% ratio, however I want to MANUALLY unpack it to ...
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1answer
1k views

How to convert Unexplored data in IDA Pro to code?

I am analyzing a malware, it has a lot of confusing methods, I wrote an idc script to remove confusion, use the MakeCode() function to convert some Unexplored data into code, but there are still some ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Reverse engineering Infostealer.Dyre

I'm a newbie to malware analysis and reverse engineering in general. I got hold of a Dyre malware sample from theZoo on GitHub and I've been trying to analyze it. I've put up my analysis report here. ...

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