Questions tagged [hardware]

Any physical device analyzed for reverse engineering purpose. This tag is used to denote that the question is about hardware reverse engineering and not (only) about software reverse engineering.

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I have this question here that is solved with assembly language and I want to convert it to C language, Can someone help?

Question: 3. Write an assembly code to light up alternate LEDs continuously starting with LED1. Use the given Delay routine. LED1 LED2 LED3 ON OFF OFF Delay OFF ON OFF Delay OFF OFF ...
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Extract RFS (rootfs) on UBIFS NAND Dump

I am practicing (studying) hardware reverse engineering. I dumped a NAND flash (smart TV), and managed to remove OOB data and emulate NAND in my environment. I detected that NAND used UBI filesystem, ...
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How I can interface the MCU without soldering?

My router has the following pin layout between flash memory and MCU: The big chip is the MCU from a Sercomm H300s router. What I want is to analyze the signaling between 2 chips using the most ...
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I attempted to read from an Intel 87C54 microcontroller and it came up all FF's. Any way to read from this?

I'm using the popular TL866II Plus programmer to read from the chip. I see in the datasheet that it has lock bits which can disable the verify (read) function, but I'm not sure if that causes an ...
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62 views

Windows User Identification / HWID Limiting

I've been playing a game that has an HWID limit and a bunch of other limitations, such as: a) Cannot be ran in a VM b) Cannot be ran using Sandboxie and other Sandbox environments c) Limits 3 ...
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42 views

Identify unknown Atmel chip

wondering if folks can help identify this chip. It looks like ATMLH017 2FCM CN ©2017AB4 Googling all manner of permutations on these numbers has not been helpful. The chip appears next to an ...
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36 views

How can I identify JTAG in this case and utilize it?

I'm developer and I somehow tried today to reverse engineer and take apart a hardware, just after learning that some devices have hardware debugging. First thing to try to know in my understanding of ...
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36 views

is it possible to get code out of chipset through reverse engineering?

for example, encryption/decryption mechanism was inbuilt in a chip, to get the code that performs this mechanisms, is there some ways you can get this code through reverse engineering? what tools and ...
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how to analyze USB packet data on a device that is not a PC

So basically, in order to "jailbreak" a PlayStation Vita console, on firmware versions 3.61 and above, you have to run h-encore2 which is basically just a regular signed executable primarily ...
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46 views

Unpacking firmware of TP-LINK IPC firmware

I have some TP-LINK IPC firmware that must be reversed (as a task). But I can not unpack the .bin firmware and extract the file system. Binwalk output: 576 0x240 xz compressed data ...
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34 views

Identify unknown MEMS sensor

Could someone give me any clue how to identify this chip? It should be a 9D accelerometer-gyroscope-magnetometer but I'm not sure. The case seems to be LGA-14.
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54 views

How should I go about reversing this USB crypto dongle?

I have some kind of authentication token device delivered by a bank (that I do not expect to use for its initially-intended purpose any more). I’d like to learn how it works and whether I can recycle ...
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42 views

Reversing Logitech G933 Battery Charge Values

I have a Logitech G933 headset. I replaced the stock battery with a larger capacity. The headset now lasts many hours longer than it was originally designed, and the software is configured to give ...
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406 views

HackRF One - Replay Attack on Garage Door does not work (12 DIP switches)

TL;DR solution Setting 4MHz sample rate and 2Mhz bandwidth in the capture tab (according to the Nyquist theorem the sample rate has to be double the bandwidth) Using the length of a DIP switch ...
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Reverse Engineering SNES adapter

A good "Hello world" for everybody here I've bought a Mayflash PC052 adapter to convert an original SNES-mini controller (CLV-202) to a USB port on PC or PS4... The thing is, this CLV-202 ...
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Help with identifying 10pin chip

I've tried every possible combination of the markings of the chip but I can't seem to find anything on Google. I think the chip is 96TI 35R but apart from that I can't find anything. It's like the ...
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425 views

How do I extract the firmware from this bluetooth speaker board?

I have a bluetooth speaker. Infinity Fuze 100. It's a good speaker. But it has annoying messages on startup and shutdown. And for other interface events. I'd like to either get rid of them entirely, ...
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48 views

trying to identify this SOP14 chip

I'm trying to find out what is this chip I have two devices that have this chip in them one of them stopped working and the problem was from this chip(I know that because when I removed that same chip ...
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48 views

Most idiot-proof method of entry to Reverse Engineer Visual/Control feed for security camera

I am looking to reverse engineer a construction security camera. I am a self-learner, and have a very general grasp on electrical engineering and coding - so I'm not entirely 'out of my element' - but ...
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57 views

Can I reverse engineer original file names?

I'm new to IT and I turned my external hard-drive into a windows boot disc. I managed to recover files with testdisc & photorec_win. The downside is I got more than I bargened for and I have twice ...
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39 views

exports kernel Windows for informations on hardware

Good day! I develop small security software and use a driver like any modern security software. Can you please tell me if there are any exported functions from ntoskrnl.exe or hal.dll or other kernel ...
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33 views

UART RX not accepting input

I am currently trying to gain access to an Epson PX700W printer that exposes UART. It has been shown, that the UART exposes a root shell. For Epson Artisan 700 this UART is fully functional: https://...
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Smart Battery Issues, a RE Quest?

TL;DR: Perhaps this doesn't sound like a RE post at first, but it's kind of moving in that direction. Essentially, I replaced the battery in my Surface laptop with 2x different new batteries, and they ...
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Any ways to read out the ICs (using qca4531 or similar packages) without desoldering the chips on this board?

I'm currently evaluating different boards in order to read EEPROM and Flash accesses by attempting to read the bus lines with a logic analyzer. While for SMDs using TQFP (and other similiar packaging) ...
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68 views

Identify a chip that's very hot on PCB

Does anyone recognize this chip by chance? On the chip it is written: DEYA SB86 See picture: I can't find anything on the web... Any help will be appreciated!
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Advice on how to attack my first reverse engineering project?

Suppose you've never done reverse engineering before (apart from taking apart already-broken tape recorders). Also suppose you had a machine as pictured below, with a serial-looking and another multi-...
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188 views

Is it possible to sniff an ATA Drive password?

Context: I have a proprietary Tandberg Data RDX QuickStor Internal USB3 drive bay for PC (item number 8666-RDX) and some storage cartridges for it. Esentially, these are just regular TOSHIBA MK3276GSX ...
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58 views

How devices such as smart Wi-Fi power plugs and Wi-Fi ip cameras connect to a private Wi-Fi network?

How devices such as smart Wi-Fi power plugs and Wi-Fi ip cameras connect to a private Wi-Fi network ? The usual steps are the following : You buy the device You install the maker application on ...
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Chip Identification in Push Button Toy

I have a toy that simply consists of a button which plays a variety of phrases when activated. My intention is to replace the sounds with my own. However, I have been unable to identify the chip and ...
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1answer
89 views

Recover data from old HDD (word files mostly)

I am trying to help my mother recover some of her work from an old HDD, but I am facing multiple problems. Firstly, I do not know the best way I could interface the old HDD with my laptop (or a newer ...
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XAP2 processor firmware reverse engeneering

I'm looking for way to load to Ghidra,radare or IDA firmware of DFU firmware identified by binwalk as: 0x0 CSR (XAP2) DFU Firmware update header 0x4c8 CSR Bluecore firmware segment I've already ...
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289 views

Extracting a firmware image via U-Boot and mounting/expanding it

I'm attempting to extract the file system from an embedded Hi3518 SoC that runs Linux (Busybox) but has a U-Boot boot loader. There is no console once the device is fully booted, so it seems that the ...
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241 views

Binwalk on flash dump yielding useless files and empty file systems

I have been investigating some routers by desoldering their nand flash and dumping them using a flash programmer. However when I use binwalk on these dumps I end up with fragments of files mixed in ...
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205 views

Reverse UART communication protocol

I'm objective is to build a custom wifi module to be used on a Samsung AC AR24HSFSAWKN. I have such an official module SWL-B70F for which I'm trying to reverse engineer the communication with the main ...
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51 views

Trying to edit the source code of AOC monitor

So long story short the AOC monitor comes with a G-Menu gui that lets you customize different monitor features. One specific one I am interested in is the "Dial Point" setting. Where it ...
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What are these pads called, what can I solder to them and could I do any damage?

I am wondering what this is called (those are 1 and 2 cm marks, divided into 1 mm segments): I'm fairly certain it's not JST. I think the two larger pads are used to hold whatever connector is ...
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Looking at a PCB is it possible to ascertain the number of layers it has?

Is there a way to ascertain - without special equipment (other than what a "layman electronics enthusiast" may have around) - how many layers a PCB has? Is there some sort of marking or a ...
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1answer
125 views

crc - reverse engineering GAL16V8 checksum method

While working with the GAL16V8 (an old programmable logic device), I found out that the Programmers Electronic Signature (PES) of each GAL has a checksum byte I've read the PES of some GALs but was ...
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67 views

I have a two pin debug interface, confused on how to use it

I'm very much on the software side of things so I'm super inexperienced with debugging hardware. A custom processor I'm working with gives 2 debug pins, and given that it's an ARM system I suspect it ...
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1answer
149 views

Wrong keyboard strokes sent to serial in putty

I am attempting to communicate to a device i have via the onboard rx/tx solder points i found on the board. I am doing this via an arduino uno. The problem i am having is that when i connect to it ...
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1answer
127 views

Construct a number from 0-999.9 using 5 data bytes of a MIDI SysEx message

I'm sending MIDI messages to a proprietary turntable that has an LCD screen on it. The normal software sends out updates via MIDI SysEx to display the current tempo on the LCD. The MIDI is being ...
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81 views

Can a UART port change baud rate at runtime?

I've been probing this CCTV DVR board trying to find a serial port to see if I can get console access to it. I found a set of 4 through holes with no headers that looked like a good candidate. I ...
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1answer
75 views

Interact with a network-less Chinese MP3 player running a modified version of Linux

My friend gave me this cheap little chinese MP3 player. I'm curious about exploring it learning more about the hardware, and potentially seeing if I could expand it's functionality in some way or run ...
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207 views

How does this levitating clock work?

I came across the Flyte STORY clock recently (link) and I’m stumped as to how it works. Does anyone know how it holds the ball against gravity when it’s vertically upright? I asked Physics but they ...
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101 views

Misterious USB dongle

I have this USB stick that seems to have a slot for a SIM and for a SD card. I don't know nothing else about this module. Searching the codes on internet I didn't find anything. How could I find ...
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375 views

Can a secondary UART be used to access the MCU?

I have a gamepad with a Chinese ShanWan BM-729 SWQP179 22 MCU which is most likely a clone but i didn't manage to find any info on it. The board is also lacking information like serial pins and the ...
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103 views

Is it possible to read a device's firmware or internal programming in computer's RAM?

Let us say I want to reverse engineer a PCIe-based FPGA device. Can I read or extract the IP core or any firmware in the computer's RAM or by trying to communicate with the device in some way?
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509 views

Samsung A520F usb type-c uart debug mode

I'm trying to create UART cable for A520F phone with USB type-c. Seems, there is no UART debug modes S8+ either. On Samsung phones with micro USB one may access UART JIG mode with 619K resistor, ...
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124 views

Manufacturer interface on OCZ Agility 4 SSD

Inside the housing of an OCZ Agility 4 SSD I found several additional connectors on the opposite site of the SATA connectors. What are they good for and how to connect them properly? Zoomed:
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If flashrom tool don't have support for rom chip what are the ways you can extract data without it?

I am currently working on a Netgear router having MX25L1606E rom chip, my goal is to extract firmware for reverse engineering but flashrom don't have support for it. So question is how someone can ...