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Questions tagged [firmware]

Combination of executable code and data used to drive hardware devices and provide a first layer of software services prior to the operating system. Typical examples are BIOS, UEFI, the software running in a DSL router or a mobile phone.

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30 views

x2 different binaries produce identical binwalk files

U used binwalk to extract and compare x2 firmware files that only differ on a string here is the output: the x2 files only differ in 9925381 0x977305 MySQL ISAM compressed data file ...
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25 views

How to repack reverse-engineered router firmware?

I managed to unpack the filesystem contents of a TP-Link router .bin file using binwalk, dd and unsquashfs. The squash FS was at the end of the bin file, the part before having a relatively large lzma ...
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56 views

SD card microcontroller

I have an SD card that I want to copy the firmware / memory from, my question is what pinouts do I connect to the SPI programmer and what are the commands to copy all of the firmware /memory. Thank ...
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46 views

Odd jsr destination in SuperH disassembly w/ Ghirda

I'm reverse engineering firmware from an old sampler/groovebox that uses a Hitachi SuperH-3 7706 processor, making great progress. Out of the 8M or so of code, everything looks and lines up correctly....
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54 views

Found a lot of function names in firmware dump. Is it possible to recreate original code?

I'm using IDA PRO 5.0 Free to analyze firmware from a camcorder (mn103 processor). I'm a complete newbie in reverse engineering so it's hard for me to learn how it works only using assembly code. I ...
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44 views

How do I decompile/modify a .dfu file?

I'm trying to get my old 3D printer to work with wifi again. A while ago the company was shut down and the printer relied on their website for print queues and stuff, so now the only way to use the ...
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1answer
33 views

Loading 8051 binary to IDA with ROM+External RAM configuration

I have 8051 firmware file, in 8051 ROM addresses can overlap external RAM addresses(movc and movx solve this issue), however IDA doesn't allow overlapping addresses: In this example the ROM size is ...
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2answers
62 views

Using NAND flash dump with OOB data

I have NAND flash memory dump, as a separate MTD partitions copied from NAND flash chip use built-in nanddump commands. I need to reflash some corrupted MTD partitions. In order to reflash partitions ...
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75 views

Extracting firmware image from binary

I have firmware file in .bin format, but I need get firmware.img image file and Kernel uImage file for reflashing bricked device. How can I get these parts? I used Binwalk to extract content, ...
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58 views

Reverse Engineering Firmware Aether Cone

I have been trying to work out if its possible to reverse engineer the firmware for the Aether Cone. This is a good sound quality WIFI and Bluetooth speaker, but with Aether going bust, there is no ...
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57 views

Decrypting the Config file of a Huawei router “HG630 V2”

followed that post from Wordpress https://hg658c.wordpress.com/2017/12/04/decrypting-configuration-files-from-other-huawei-home-gateway-routers/ Extracted the 4 Hex strings needed. But, looks ...
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126 views

router: how to break into boot?

I have an ISP-provided router, Huawei B5318-42. I connected to it through UART and a UART-USB converter, copied the output from boot, and managed to figure out which chip is the onboard flash memory. ...
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1answer
52 views

Extract Web Contents From Cisco Firmware Data IMG File

I download firmware https://software.cisco.com/download/home/284973404/type/284971397/release/1.1.4.1 I extract with binwalk sudo apt-get install -y binwalk' binwalk -eM Sx220-R1.1.4.1.bin cd ...
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3answers
146 views

Open a NEC binary in Ghidra

I have a binary dump from a 76F0219F1 NEC processor. I tried to open it in Ghidra, but I don't see any NEC in the list of supported processors. Does Ghidra support NEC processors? Is there anything I ...
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1answer
47 views

BOSCH EDC development

I'm trying to reverse engineer some BOSCH EDCs firmware (there are many of them on the internet, for example: Here). To understand it better, I was wondering if someone has any idea how those EDCs ...
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1answer
119 views

How to extract firmware from a western digital hard drive with custom firmware

Hi all i got a western digital hard drive from a DVR which contains custom firmware so you will not be able to install any hard drive you want on the DVR device. (digital video recorder) something ...
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2answers
114 views

ECU tune and reverse engineering

I'm new to the ECU (or chip) tune concept, and I try to understand what is going on there. I understand the concept and the goal, but I'm having difficulties to understand what is actually going on ...
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39 views

How can I emulate Huawei routers HG5xx firmware?

i want to pentest some HG routers in a way that i can try every thing without worrying if it would damage the router or not .... and a better view of debugging the actions .
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1answer
187 views

unpacking Download.img firmware for alcatel mw40

Hello i'm trying to unpack file Download.img from alcatel mw40 (based on qualcomm 9x07) firmware but it seems i can't do it with 7zip or mount the img file . someone already extracted the file which ...
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2answers
79 views

Split IDA segment into sub segments

I'm reversing a firmware, that comes in one big binary chunk(.bin file). After some reversing, I could identify that the big bin has two segments - text and data. Now I want to split the original ...
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1answer
321 views

how can i decrypt huawei HG531s v1 config file?

I have tried to follow this guide but libxmlapi.so didn't have the required ATP_GetInfo1 function so i moved to the next file libhttpapi.so it had ATP_GetInfo1 ATP_GetInfo2 ATP_GetInfo3 ...
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18 views

Avrdude inconsistent readings

I have a problem with this dude and i don't know what to do to make him do a consistent reading or to figure out which reading is the perfect one I'm trying to read my own arduino uno which has a ...
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1answer
58 views

vector table address in mpcXXXX microcontrollers

I'm disassembling some mpcXXXX microcontroller firmware, and I'm trying to find the vector table and the reset interrupt. For example, I know that in ARM, in some of the microcontrollers, the vector ...
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208 views

Extracting ARM Boot zImage

I'm trying to analyze the firmware of a system running Linux and connecting various home automation and security devices. Every time it boots, the GM8125 processor running ARMv5TE loads a firmware ...
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90 views

Find File System in Firmware

This is my first attempt at working with firmware. We have some SNMP cards that are flaky & my ultimate goal is to try to make them better. The current firmware version is 12.06.0069. When ...
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137 views

unsquashfs failed to read SquashFS file

I tried to unpack binary which is SquashFS system, the file is mtd partition copied from NAND device, Root filesystem (read-only). Actually its SquashFS version, modifyed/patched by vendor. binwalk ...
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51 views

Need help : restoring a netgear dgn1000 v3 adsl modem/router

coming in from openwrt forum: https://forum.openwrt.org/t/trying-to-rescue-bricked-dgn1000-v3-need-help/36909 currently have serial console but i may have borked the u-boot looking for help on how to ...
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300 views

How to extract DVB firmware bin file?

I have a bin file of DVB(DTH) box firmware I want to change one image inside that bin file how I can do this please guide me in right direction. I tried bin walk but the file that it extracted ...
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55 views

Help investigating a printer firmware image

We're having issues with the WiFi connectivity on the printers that we're using on a current project. The printer connects fine, but the ports that should be opened are not opened. They work fine on ...
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74 views

Handling firmware with many copies of the same code/data in different address spaces

When loading the firmware I am working with, it copies multiple regions of code/data to another write-able memory region. I normal load the code/data into the destination location and leave the ...
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81 views

How to read firmware from an STC microcontroller?

I have some printed circuit boards of a device that is no longer manufactured. I need to repair these boards but there is no replacement for them. I can make other boards, buy the components, but I ...
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2answers
215 views

Unable to extract IP camera firmware

I am trying to extract the firmware for a Panasonic WV-S2131L ip camera. It comes as a .zip file that contains a .img file. I have tried many methods to try to analyze this file and I have found ...
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1answer
63 views

me_cleaner and fwupd, or manipulating UEFI .cab files

I'd like to extract a plain dump of the UEFI firmware of my laptop (1:1 copy of the flash content, often called .bin or .rom files) from the .cap file, so that I can modify it slightly with me_cleaner....
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1answer
191 views

Disassembling Hexagon - Corrupted ELF

I downloaded and unpacked the modem from Google source, after that I used laginimaineb's script to unify all modem binary data. However, when loading this binary to IDA, I get an error says: "Binary ...
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2answers
415 views

QEMU fpu mode error when attempting to run MIPS binary

I have unpacked a firmware binary using binwalk and have identified the architecture as MIPS by running file bin/busybox . When I try to run the binary with the proper static version of qemu, i get an ...
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78 views

Decrypt ibt.sfi linux firmware(Intel Wireless 8265 Linux Bluetooth)

Why I want to decrypt: Intel 8265 Bluetooth is likely a RAMUSB device, which needs system to update firmware. I try to transplant this linux firmware to macOS. Problems I met: The macOS BT firmware ...
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54 views

Finding the function of test points on a router

I have a BCM3383 based cable router here where I ultimately want to dump the firmware. I have serial access to the broadcom bootloader and the linux console. Login for linux is unkown and telnet does ...
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1answer
289 views

GDB: Could not load shared library symbols

I'm currently having a look at the Damn Vulnerable Router Firmware, and I'm roughly following the description that is given here: https://p16.praetorian.com/blog/getting-started-with-damn-vulnerable-...
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1answer
288 views

Reversing Arris BGW210 firmware

TL;DR: Trying to mount extracted ubi file system onto /dev/mtd0 gives me the error: libscan: scanning eraseblock 323 -- 100 % complete ubiformat: 324 eraseblocks are supposedly empty ubiformat: ...
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89 views

Which architecture is this firmware?

I am currently investigating GSL touch-screen controllers firmwares. A firmware example can be found here : https://github.com/onitake/gsl-firmware/blob/master/firmware/4good/t803i/silead_ts.fw In ...
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1answer
76 views

Switching from seg to text in IDA-View

actually i don't know where the problem but i will describe it I am trying to analyse the firmware of a router and i could extract it and i got these files libxmlapi.so libhttpapi.so libcfmapi.so ...
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3answers
1k views

Help unpacking U-boot firmware

I'm trying to unpack (extract) and analyse the firmware of an IP Camera (Xiaomi mjsxj02cm). I have this tf_recovery.img that's supposedly a U-Boot image, but I can't unpack it either using dumpimage ...
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1answer
135 views

Setting register names in Radare2

I am reverse-engineering an 8051 architecture program of a specific chip. The disassembly naturally doesn't contain any function names, and the register names are minimal. For example, address 0xb3 is ...
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0answers
27 views

USB 3G Stick changing frequency bands [closed]

I have 4 different types of USB 3G modems from Europe. They're not operator locked. I'm trying to use them on an American network for 3G connectivity. Even though they state "850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz"...
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1answer
166 views

How to identify which iOS kernelcache is installed?

I've an iPhone7 running iOS11.3 (15E216). The ipsw for this build version contains two separate kernelcache files named kernelcache.release.iphone9 and kernelcache.release.iphone10. Neither file is an ...
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1answer
474 views

How to dump firmware from car head-unit (VW Radio)

I have a VW Radio which has the possibility to upgrade software via USB. Unfortunately I am not able to find any updates, nor any information regarding the current Software version on the whole ...
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1answer
165 views

Confused about a firmware binary

I'm trying to reverse engineer an ARM Thumb2 firmware binary, and I've come across a few oddities. Parts of the file when treated as RGB binary data form perfect images, which seems unusual for a ...
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1answer
187 views

Can't decompress firmware

I'm trying to reverse engineer a firmware for a vape mod. I've downloaded it from their official website. First I tried dissassemble it in IDA but it couldn't identify any architecture in it. Then I ...
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1answer
238 views

Unable to unsquash from a firmware dump

after struggling for days I'm asking for help with this problem. Link to download the firmware. I dumped a firmware image from an EEPROM Spansion FL128SAIF00 with flashrom and a buspirate via SPI ...
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1answer
128 views

Checksum error when flashing modded firmware on embedded device

I'm trying to patch strings in my firmware with a hex editor but I keep getting a checksum error when I go to re-flash the modded firmware onto my device. The device is a Roland gr-55 guitar ...