Questions tagged [disassemblers]

A disassembler is a software tool which transforms machine code into a human readable mnemonic representation called assembly language.

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Creating table with IDAPython

I'd like to create the table like below, I could not found any clue while googling it. Is it possible to make table with IDAPython, especially with idaapi.simplecustviewer_t class? Any advises would ...
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Function Arguments/Name on Radare and IDA

I am starting with reverse engineering and Radare and I'm facing the following problem, on IDA Free I see the following code: mov ecx, 11h lea edi, [esp+1208h+StartupInfo] rep stosd lea ...
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1answer
97 views

How to understand the result of disassembling IDA Pro (dll x86_64)

I'm studying the dll that was built for x86_64. I study where there are links to the function "call_f1_1806F3630" and do not understand three of them. Are these features of OOP? Help me ...
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The method of searching for similar code in a binary file of a new release

Got into the hands of such a task. There are two dlls. As the second file was explained to me (new.dll) this is a new release of the first file (old.dll). Both files are compiled for x64. I need to ...
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2answers
346 views

How to convert to float

.rdata:00414704 __real@c0800000 dd 0C0800000h How to convert this value 0C0800000h to float point number?
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Ghidra Using __stdcall for all my Mips64 functions do I have to manually change them all?

Compiled in mips4 this is a unix driver elf object. ************************************************************* * ...
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42 views

Unrecognized function

There is function: push 65h push edi call sub_5D8750 In this case, function takes 65 bytes to be filled with zeros, and edi is memory address starting from which to fill these 65 bytes with ...
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1answer
88 views

On reverse engineering an udp protocol to control a drone

My goal is to control my drone with my raspberry pi using python and not the app that is being delivered together with it. First I connected the app to the drone, flew and used aircrack-ng to get the ...
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62 views

how to get rid of this obfuscator?

i somehow know that this is Confuserex but noting working agter many try the file is still unreadable. is there a way to? or im just bad... ps.i unpack this from the exe file that only has PE(maybe ...
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1answer
101 views

Not able to understand the C-switch statement in disassembly

While I'm trying to disassemble my own C code I am stuck in a problem of not understanding how this Switch statement is implemented in assembly code. Can anyone please help to figure it out? This the ...
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1answer
63 views

Is the code like this reverse able? (from Assembly - UnityScript)

i try to reverse this code but cant figure it out what is this number mean or how to call it...
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4answers
4k views

Why do reversers nowadays reverse engineer using decompilers and not disassemblers?

I see many reverse engineering lessons and every second person does reverse engineer using Ghidra decompiler and not disassembler as both are available in the same platform. I assume that reversing ...
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Disassembler with pixel/bitmap view

I am looking for an ARM disassembler that runs on Linux that has a graphic "pixel" or "bitmap" view like the one shown in the pictures below: I am reverse engineering some old ...
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1answer
188 views

The Knowledge of Compiler for becoming a good Reverser

I just reached the the topic of Compilers in the book "Reversing:Secrets of Reverse Engineering" So, I want to ask, is the knowledge of Compilers necessary for becoming a Malware Reverse ...
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70 views

Virtual functions call asm

It seems to be a virtual function call. How would this code look in a high-level language like C ++? .text:0053A745 loc_53A745: ; CODE XREF: sub_53A690+CEj .text:0053A745 ...
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1answer
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Visual c compiler options

I ask if exist some c compiler option that can "keep" some imformation after compile that can be visible when I disassamble with IDA. This because I need to find a particular funciton with ...
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1answer
250 views

IDA pro 7.5 - No previous fonts / color imports

For the past few years I've been using an ida color scheme which I created, that was very easy on my eyes with the previous versions of IDA Pro (<7.0). However, after start using version 7.5 I ...
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54 views

Lexer and parser for .asm file produced by objdump

Is there any existing project that parses the x86 disassembly file or .asm produced by the objdump or IDA pro using the lexer and parser library in python or any other programming language?
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1answer
216 views

IDA/HexRays: how do I retrieve the memory address associated with a given line of decompiled code?

I'm trying to programmatically link decompiled code generated by HexRays with the disassembly code of a given binary by mapping memory addresses between the two. The mapping exists, as I can see view ...
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61 views

String as constant , even not visible in disassembler

I was reading this article Where I saw that while reversing the WinRAR I saw that the x64dbg is not able to search for a string in all modules "evaluation copy". but why is that happening. ...
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1answer
71 views

Variable location address

There is variable in data section: .data:00427000 dword_427000 dd 64h Base address of code is: .text:00411000 ; Segment type: Pure code How to calculate actual address and location in memory of ...
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39 views

what means "ilegal use of registers"?

I read pe program using a Pe Reader to view all sections, the .text section starts is "0x0001000": What is in the pe program reader: And is this what i see on the debugguer :
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2answers
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How to determine ARM architecture from the ELF file extracted from the firmware?

I have extracted the ELF file from the flash dump of a printer, I cannot find too much information about the SoC chip on the printer. What's the best practice to determine the ARM architecture (ARMv7-...
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1answer
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Recognize of data block

Assembler code from data segment: .data:006A5038 dword_6A5038 dd 0 .data:006A5038 .data:006A503C ; char *off_6A503C .data:006A503C off_6A503C dd offset aOption0 .data:...
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1answer
130 views

How do disassemblers work?

I have 2 questions regarding this, but feel free to elaborate more if you want to, I'm really interested in this topic: Do they really just read byte by byte until they get a valid instruction? How ...
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1answer
38 views

Are there some assemblers or disassemblers that allow dw/defw etc directives with specified endianness?

I've been working with reverse engineering tape image and disk image formats and the files and filesystems they contain. It struck me that sometimes there are data fields that are not in the same ...
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1answer
46 views

Two copies to store values

I have this a piece of code, disassembled DX: .text:004386D3 push ecx .text:004386D4 fld1 .text:004386D6 fstp [esp+26Ch+var_26C] ;load 1.0 value ...
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77 views

Why there are only 8 hexa memory digits while my RAM is 16G

I'm totally new to reverse engineering, when I start debugging my c program with radare2, and start showing assembly, I found that addresses are only 8 hexa digits, which means 16^8 = 4294967296 ...
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What to do with a text file of disassembly code and binaries?

I am fairly new to software reverse engineering and I'd like to know how proceed with analyzing a program if I have a text file of disassembly code and a bin file of binary data. I understand ...
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1answer
73 views

Automatic decompilation from Assembly x86

Is there a tool to automatic decompile an assembly x86 code? What I need is a tool where I simply paste my code and it returns C code. Thanks
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2answers
172 views

High-level langage decompiler on WIndows

So I have been using Binary ninja and I was wondering if there was any other tool except IDA or any binary ninja plugin that would transform assembly code into high level code, I already tried binja-...
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1answer
71 views

x86 disassembly confusion regarding VESA functions

I'm trying to disassemble an old DOS application and got stuck at some point of the VESA graphics handling. The VESA function to be called will be stored in a global variable, e.g. ...
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1answer
7k views

How to to decompile a pyinstaller exe, back to source code?

Python versions, this method has been tried on: 3.7.5, 3.6.0, 3.5.0, 2.7.17? (I know, I'm just too desperate to get my source back.) I have problem with decompiling an exe. I kind of deleted the ...
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Is it possible to define the adress of a function in assembly?

I am creating a PoC for anti-disassembly techniques, and I would like to know if there were ways to define the address of functions once compiled with gcc. Here is the PoC program : BITS 32 EXTERN ...
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Which instruction at which address calls the address 0x1a95 or the address 0x204a in the following program or rather smart contract?

The Ethereum Virtual Machine uses a Virtual Instruction Set flavored for transaction processing that doesn’t use any registers and where all opcodes are a single byte long and have a single ABI for ...
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2answers
800 views

Difference between 32 bit and 64 bit disassemblers

As far as my level of understanding goes, the only difference between a 32 bit and 64 bit disassembler is that the produced assembler-code of a 32 bit disassembler is only using 32 bit assembly ...
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1answer
3k views

How to do debug a running java process in linux?

TLDR I want to do live debugging of a java program on a linux machine, and don't how/what debugger to attach to the JVM to get this done. I expect that this is a well-solved problem, but I lack the ...
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1answer
277 views

what's meaning address inside disassembler

I'm recently start in reverse engineering filed. While working with the disassembler I asked myself:what the "address" label meant. For example here we have hopper image:https://www.hopperapp.com/...
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780 views

Turning p-code generated by VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) back into VBA

According to the README in https://github.com/bontchev/pcodedmp : "As each VBA line is entered into the VBA editor, it is immediately compiled into p-code" "when you open the source of a macro ...
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1answer
459 views

Can you change the architecture in Ghidra after importing?

I've been analyzing an ARMv7 binary for a while and have done a lot of work with it (e.g. labeling functions, creating structs, labeling globals etc.). Unfortunately, I just realized that Ghidra ...
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2answers
1k views

NSA Ghidra 9 - Is the decompiler open source?

I recently downloaded Ghidra (link) ver 9 on windows. The decompiler feature is presumable found at <GHIDRA_HOME>\Ghidra\Features\Decompiler There is a lib folder containing the Java code. ...
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2answers
1k views

Can I stop Ghidra from creating extended references?

I'm trying to disassemble some 6502 using Ghidra. The following (prerequisites: POSIX-style shell, Python 2.x) will generate a file called test.dat that demonstrates the issue: python -c "open('test....
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1answer
481 views

Why disassemble multi-thread binary is hard?

Why disassemble multi-thread binary is hard? I also know that some obfuscation techniques are to create unnecessary threads. But why reverse engineering multi-thread program is hard.
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2answers
3k views

Can Machine Learning be used to develop better reverse engineering tools? [duplicate]

So i googled this but other than some papers i couldnt find any reverse engineering tool that was built using machine learning I'm not an expert in machine learning and deep learning but it seems ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Enumerating (name, addresses) in PLT of an ELF file without elf.h

I want to show users imported symbols of a given ELF file like this(#1) in a disassembler project.(Android app) 1d21a: f7fa e8e8 blx 173ec ; __android_log_print@plt ... Currently, I can only show ...
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226 views

Radare2: pd command ignores cfg.bigendian setting

I am currently using radare2 to disassemble a raw ARM binary (bootloader) in little endian format. I used the command e cfg.bigendian = false to set the endianness, but the pd command seems to ignore ...
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1k views

Reverse engineering Windows Defender's signature for Metasploit Framework's metsrv.dll

As a pentester for a consulting agency, it is part of our job to "evade" antivirus after gaining code execution on information systems. It is indeed necessary to prove exploitation of vulnerabilities, ...
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1answer
329 views

Disassembly - Why the CMP instruction is multiplying by 2 the value being compared

I'll get right to the point, I have a crack me program, that is a program with a password inside that needs to be found so that you can complete the challenge. I easily found the cmp instruction ...
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4answers
3k views

Can AI be used to write better decompilers/disassemblers? [closed]

In the past for years I used some disassembler and tried some decompiler, nowadays there's so much talking and stuff about deep learning and AI, I wonder if some can be used with those tasks (given ...
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1answer
491 views

Know which bytes are opcode and which operands in IDA

I want to extract a generic signature of a function in IDA and wanted to use just the opcodes of the instructions without its operands. Example: From the first instruction I want to know the bytes ...