Questions tagged [deobfuscation]

Techniques to remove obfuscation from a piece of program.

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89 views

How can I de-obfuscate a VBScript (.vbs) file?

I have a VBScript (.vbs) file that is a malware dropper. It executes correctly in a commercial malware sandbox. but does not act the same in my manual analysis lab, and I need to figure out why. The ...
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1answer
82 views

How to deobfuscate Java application protected by Java Antidecompiler [closed]

Here is some infomation I found from MANIFEST.MF Archiver-Version: Plexus Archiver Built-By: boonb Created-By: Apache Maven Build-Jdk: 1.8.0_231 Main-Class: JavaLauncher Modified-By: 9.4 (BIS Guard &...
54
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7answers
112k views

What is a good Java decompiler and deobfuscator?

I am using JD-GUI to decompile Java JAR files, but the problem is that it leaves many errors, such as duplicate variables which I have to fix myself and check to see if the program still works (if I ...
66
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8answers
215k views

How do I reverse engineer .so files found in android APKs?

I know how to reverse engineer normal android APKs using tools like APK-tool anddex2jar but i don't know how to work with obfuscation. Can anyone help or atleast provide some pointers? I know this ...
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1answer
145 views

Reverse Engineering Javascript - Out of Memory

I found this javascript file on one of those online movie streaming services and was interested in finding out what it does. However, after trying many deobfuscators I am still stuck. A major ...
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0answers
18 views

IDA, wrong jmp operand after patching

I'm writing a python script for IDA to automate the deobfuscation of a binary. After patching with a jmp instruction ida provides the following disassembly: .text:008FD01E jmp ...
2
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1answer
562 views

De-obfuscating code ran through JScrambler 3x via Eval() functions

I am relatively new to JS and de-obfuscation in general and I am having difficulties reversing some complicated JS. I know the code itself is obsfucated via jscrambler 3-4x and therefore is ran ...
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1answer
1k views

Suspicious obfuscated javascript file

This question is related to another question made on StackOverflow. The users asks about a unknown JavaScript file which is being loaded on his website. I managed to unroll a bit of the JavaScript ...
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0answers
347 views

Deobfuscating Unknown C# obfuscator?

Hello, I am having an exe file that I am trying to deobfuscate and debug using dnspy. The exe file was written in C# and obfuscated with unknown deobfuscate according to de4dot! I tried to all my ...
69
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9answers
71k views

Analyzing highly obfuscated JavaScript

I was recently analyzing a web page that contained some highly obfuscated JavaScript - it's clear that the author had went through quite a bit of effort to make it as hard to understand as possible. I'...
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2answers
76 views

Decode xor data in IDA

I have code that looks like this: byte_100031BA4 = v41; byte_100031BA5 ^= 0x3Eu; byte_100031BA6 ^= 0x47u; LOBYTE(a1) = -9; byte_100031BA7 ^= 0xF7u; byte_100031BA8 ^= 0xA9u; byte_100031BA9 ^= 0xE8u; ...
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0answers
47 views

.NET - What kind of obfuscation is this?

I'm currently performing some malicious DLL malware analysis, and I'm having some issues figuring out how to de-obfuscate this particular sample. It uses a lot of Reflective Assembly calls, and, a lot ...
2
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0answers
74 views

How To Deobfuscate ConfuserEx .NET Assembly?

No matter what I try I cannot deobfuscate this crackme https://crackmes.one/crackme/5d6c847433c5d46f00e2c390. I have tried each & every tutorial on youTube of which this one is the best https://...
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0answers
78 views

Looking for obfuscation patterns within jumps

I'm working on an obfuscated binary. I recognized some patterns used to confuse the disassembler, some used to obfuscate function calls, some other for conditional jumps and so on. The idea was to ...
2
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0answers
143 views

How can I practically approach VM-obfuscated code with symbolic analysis/execution?

Dealing with VM-obfuscated code and started learning about symbolic analysis but having a hard time wrapping my head around how to practically apply it to a problem. If someone can give me some ...
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1answer
105 views

How can I analyze this code? [closed]

I wanted to analyse the code for some functionality. in my understanding the code contains a logic handling intents with extras. I want to know how these Works! and also how can I pass extras using ...
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0answers
464 views

Reversing PyArmor + Pyinstaller

Created an application, protected by PyArmor and used pyinstaller. I'm trying to reverse engineer it. So far I've decompiled the exe into pyc files but it's still pyarmor encrypted I can only see the ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

Dealing with obfuscated PUSH PUSH RET instructions

I wanted to run an app on a VM but there are PUSH PUSH RETs stopping me from looking at their anti VM code. There is a messagebox when I run it on a VM. I set a breakpoint at MessageBoxA and it gets ...
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0answers
1k views

Reversing Pyarmor Discussion

Anyone messing around with pyarmor recently? For those of you that are unaware of what pyarmor is, its a protection software that is to help obfuscate and protect your software. Heres an image of what ...
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0answers
215 views

Cannot detect obfuscator of executable C#

I have an obfuscated exe file writen in c#, which I want to deobfuscate. In dnSpy I can see this de4dot said unknown obfuscator, tried to deobfuscate with some result which looks on dnSpy the same (...
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0answers
86 views

Guidelines for dealing with obfuscated code

I have taken a deep dive into reversing software with IDA, I used Ghidra before. I have already solved a couple of basic crackmes now I have targeted another one which's code is obfuscated, also has ...
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2answers
133 views

Working with strong obfuscated Java

I've got a jar file, that is strong obfuscated. When I tried to put it into decompilers such as bytecode-viewer and luyten I seen many lines of traps and Chinese letters. I tried to deobfuscate it ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Virtual machine code obfuscation implementation details

I want to implement a VM based simple proof-of-concept obfuscator. It should take an exe file as input and produce a new pe file with appended vm section. For simplicity let's say the exe file is ...
2
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0answers
181 views

How to use Ghidra to work with VM obfuscated binaries?

By "VM obfuscated binary", I mean a binary that contains one or more implementations of a VM internally, and also some bytecode that can run on this VM. One of the reasons why this binary is this way, ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Understanding AutoIT “compilation”

I'm trying to de-compile a cheat created for my game so I can fix it. The problem is the version used is 3.3.14.2 which no longer has official de-compiler support. I have tried looking for 3rd party ...
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0answers
44 views

Main contemporary deobfuscation techniques

Could you please specify in a few words main contemporary deobfuscation techniques which we can apply to 32/64 bit PE files? For example, (1) using instruction templates, such as: mov edx, 5B1F04F1h ...
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1answer
124 views

Reverse Engineering Java - Deobfuscating symbols

I'm new to Java and working on cleaning up a fairly large Java .jar sample where the obfuscator has renamed symbols into invalid names. For example: import org.lib.00.0.2; public final class 90 ...
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1answer
1k views

How to decompile obfuscated Python code?

I have an executable file, which I am trying to decompile. I have already deduced that it was originally programmed in Python. I know that it was obfuscated with PyArmor and possibly compiled with ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Reverse engineering hidden audio track in this MPEG-1 video file?

No matter what video player or video analysis software I throw this video at, neither are able to reproduce or detect the audio track of the video: Introduction video of Wipeout XL PC version (...
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0answers
197 views

What is the header 'X-Goog-Spatula'?

I am blackboxing an android app to write an API for it. Many of the HTTP requests sent include a mysterious header with the name X-Goog-Spatula. If I do not include this structure, the request is not ...
2
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0answers
136 views

How to reverse engineer an exe built using nexe?

I am working on an express application. I obfuscate the source code using javascript-obfuscator. I am using nexe cli for generating a single exe from the obfuscated code. Can anyone tell me if there ...
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1answer
239 views

Obfuscated VBE malware script analysis

Some actions of this script are clear e.g. the section that adds firewall rules, others not so much On Error Resume Next F27 F10 A0 DBCF Sub F27() Dim E13C563AFCB34, C0009B48F34B, C8, ...
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1answer
194 views

De-obfuscate JS code [closed]

I came across a script that converts font files from one type to another (i.e. WOFF to TTF, etc). I would like to understand it and incorporate some of the code into a personal project. The script ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Dealing with heavily obfuscated Java, possibly on bytecode level

I've got a jarfile from a friend, he told me to put it thru an decompiler. So I did, but: JD-GUI basically spit out just the imports and didn't show any class data CFR dumped out stack trace on ...
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1answer
225 views

Is it possible to completely reverse this code?

i have this code i'm trying to deobfuscate https://pastebin.com/g5mHpWE4 I used https://beautifier.io/ and http://www.jsnice.org/ but the result is still not good, current code: https://pastebin.com/...
0
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1answer
161 views

Error After de4dot - Application Does Not Start

There is an application that has been obfuscation to learn. So in an unpack me style. In the first stage I would unpack with de4dot. After you unpack, the running application stops working. dump and ...
1
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1answer
275 views

Reversing a key-gen firmware for RISC-V

I would like to study this firmware for Sipeed MAix, a RISC-V development board. You can download it here: key_gen_v1.2.zip. As the name suggests, its purpose is to calculate and print a "machine key"...
2
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2answers
385 views

Static analysis obfuscated code

I'm reversing a code that is heavily obfuscated. It uses opaque predicates, call stack tampering, junk code and control flow flattering. Call stack tampering uses indirect branches (push register / ...
0
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1answer
2k views

How can I deobfuscate this javascript code

I am trying to deobfuscate this javascript code, but I don't know how it was created. Can you please tell me what the mechanism or the function is that generate such characters in javascript? É=-~-~[]...
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2answers
248 views

How to remove bytes/opcodes within IDA Pro database

I am dealing with a heavily obfuscated binary, with certain portions of it having an abundance of junk code when it attempts to set a value at certain offsets to esp/ebp. My question, having ...
2
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0answers
1k views

How to decompile a obfuscated mach-o dylib?

I am trying to decompile a dylib called libConfigurer64.dylib, which is loaded from the environment variable "DYLD_INSERT_LIBRARIES" I want to analyze what it really does, so I dragged it in to IDA,...
10
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4answers
21k views

Try to deobfuscate multi layered javascript

According to the techy zilla blog It will be much harder to deobfuscate code that has been obfuscated using multiple obfuscating algorithms. According to them, jsbeautifier can't fix this obfuscated ...
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1answer
101 views

Need help identifying a -possibly- encrypted string

I'm having some trouble building an app that gets data from a database to keep a log of files added to a website. Most URLs are generated from a file ID and a time stamp, some of those URLs are ...
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0answers
60 views

Output address path during .exe execution

I have an obfuscated software. I'm a beginner in this area, so I don't find where a patch would be useful for what I want to do. It turns out that I have an idea of how I could find out in which ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Assistance in Decrypting Lua script that is obfuscated with Base64 > SSL

Can anyone on here help me on decrypting the SSL encryption that protects this LUA script linked at the end of this topic ? Basically they are encoded with Base64 then SSL, but I have no idea how to ...
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0answers
110 views

deobfuscating/decompiling extremely complicated javascript [closed]

I am working with some extremely complicated JavaScript. It is around 70,000 lines long and sections of the code look like this U2xx.l11="0x78920d50";m2xx.r9G="11";b2xx.v3y="0x744ebc37";P2xx.K5h="...
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1answer
1k views

How to deobfuscate native Android library obfuscated with OLLVM?

When I load the binay in IDA, all I can see are loads of .datadiv_decodeXXX... functions and this is because of OLLVM. I know it is possible as a Chinese article I found said they were able to ...
2
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1answer
167 views

Does a symbolic disassembler exist?

I would like to know if there are disassemblers based on a symbolic analysis, I'm beginner in RE, but I think that a disassembler based on symbolic techniques can be very interesting and could ...
1
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1answer
378 views

What's this obfuscation technique?

I'm reverse-engineering a particular dylib on Mac OS X. The dylib is highly obfuscated, but I suspect it's from some well-known technique that I'm not aware of. I'd like to describe it in the hope ...
6
votes
1answer
471 views

Simplifying assembly

I'm analysing some binary trace, it's pretty much obfuscated. What I need to do is to understand work flow of its alghoritms. However I cannot find any reliable tool which would help me with that. I ...