Questions tagged [deobfuscation]

Techniques to remove obfuscation from a piece of program.

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11
votes
3answers
5k views

What are the available libraries to statically modify ELF executables?

I would like to be able to rewrite or reorganize an ELF binary program directly from the executable format (not at compile-time). The only library I know to do this is elfesteem (used in Miasm). But,...
0
votes
1answer
360 views

How can I de-obfuscate a VBScript (.vbs) file?

I have a VBScript (.vbs) file that is a malware dropper. It executes correctly in a commercial malware sandbox. but does not act the same in my manual analysis lab, and I need to figure out why. The ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How to reverse engine JS code whose callstacks are hidden?

I am learning how to reverse engine JS code and got a hard exercise, beyond hidding strings this obfuscated JS tries to hide callstacks by spreading and storing partial computations in a bunch of ...
2
votes
1answer
607 views

How to reverse engineer an exe built using nexe?

I am working on an express application. I obfuscate the source code using javascript-obfuscator. I am using nexe cli for generating a single exe from the obfuscated code. Can anyone tell me if there ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

ZKM 15 Deobfuscation (Jar file) [closed]

Hello I am looking for someone who can deobfuscate a ZKM 15 obfuscated jar file for me. I am willing to pay money for this. I mostly just need Strings from the jar file. It doesn't need to be perfect. ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

How can I decode this Malicious php code?

I found this backdoor on a client's website. https://github.com/baogiaphucthinh/Malicious-php/blob/main/1259da6sc.php (original file) I have gotten rid of it and realise it's an obfuscated script but ...
0
votes
2answers
238 views

Reverse Engineering Javascript - Out of Memory

I found this javascript file on one of those online movie streaming services and was interested in finding out what it does. However, after trying many deobfuscators I am still stuck. A major ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I decode this php code?

I found this backdoor on a client's website. http://pastebin.com/wVs8w44v (original format) http://pastebin.com/acfx49QJ (semi - readable) I have gotten rid of it and realise it's an obfuscated ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

RE on firmware images that seem to use weak encryption/obfuscation. Robot vacuum

I have been playing with some robot vacuums that utilize very basic navigation, and I am wanting to play around with my own provisioning along with adding a Rpi to augment features. These vacuums are ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

devirtualize? or what is this obfuscator? and how to get rid of this

from previous question i still dont get any info or any process at all... now i asking again with this question is this virtualize code or something? i try many thing and it still didnt work [i unpack ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

De-obfuscating code ran through JScrambler 3x via Eval() functions

I am relatively new to JS and de-obfuscation in general and I am having difficulties reversing some complicated JS. I know the code itself is obsfucated via jscrambler 3-4x and therefore is ran ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Determining a password-hashing function knowing plaintext + output

I have a password that has been stored and I'd like to figure out how it's been 'transformed' to be stored in my database. The plaintext password is: k4oK203$ And the password as it is stored 'crypted'...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Any good places to learn about JS de-obfuscation?

I am trying to make a bot on a specific website, so I have to reverse a lot of JS scripts. The reversing it self is not that hard but the de-obfuscation is. Lots of the scripts are obfuscated with ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How to clean obfuscated code from fake if statements?

I am trying to deobfuscate javascript code. Firstly I extracted strings from big array. Then I saw many parts like this There is only one line of code which makes sense. Is there any Node.js cleaner ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Suspicious obfuscated javascript file

This question is related to another question made on StackOverflow. The users asks about a unknown JavaScript file which is being loaded on his website. I managed to unroll a bit of the JavaScript ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

$$Lambda$(number) when decompiled java bytecode

why when i decompile java bytecode (which further was decompiled from .dex), i get $$Lambda$(number), in java files, and it's not possible to build project with these java codes as it's insufficient ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Deobfuscating JS Code?

I am trying to deobfuscate a highly obfuscated JS file for use to be passed in along with an HTTP POST request from my C# application. I don't know much about JS. The file I am trying to deobfuscate ...
2
votes
0answers
5k views

Reversing Pyarmor Discussion

Anyone messing around with pyarmor recently? For those of you that are unaware of what pyarmor is, its a protection software that is to help obfuscate and protect your software. Heres an image of what ...
0
votes
2answers
276 views

Decode xor data in IDA

I have code that looks like this: byte_100031BA4 = v41; byte_100031BA5 ^= 0x3Eu; byte_100031BA6 ^= 0x47u; LOBYTE(a1) = -9; byte_100031BA7 ^= 0xF7u; byte_100031BA8 ^= 0xA9u; byte_100031BA9 ^= 0xE8u; ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is there a way in ida pro to see the address where I have explicitly marked them as code or data, etc?

I'm analyzing an obfuscated binary. IDA did a pretty good job of doing the initial auto-analysis. Later, I went through and marked some sections as undefined, or code, etc. Now IDA can't re-create ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

how to get rid of this obfuscator?

i somehow know that this is Confuserex but noting working agter many try the file is still unreadable. is there a way to? or im just bad... ps.i unpack this from the exe file that only has PE(maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Tools for tracing down a Windows-specific UUID generation?

I'm have a kind of "Crackme" program that generates a 4-byte Windows system-specific UUID. It doesn't seem to be hardware-dependent - I have created 2 identical Windows 7 virtualboxes - same ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

How to deal with IDA auto-analysis analyzing invalid paths?

Obfuscation techniques such as opaque predicates often trick IDA's auto-analysis into creating incorrect or contradicting interpretations of the code under analysis. There is some mention of ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Reverse Engineering Instagram's Private API

I'm trying to reverse engineer Instagram Web's Private API. I have successfully managed to login into Instagram using their login endpoint using man-in-the-middle proxy and postman. I now want to send ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

How to decompile heavily obfuscated classes mixed with Arabic/Chinese/Korean characters?

I recently downloaded a jar file and was curious to see if it was malicious, so I ran it through FernFlower and it wasn't able to deobfuscate it. When I unzipped the jar, I looked inside it and saw ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

IDA refuses to recognize basic block as part of function that jumps to it

I have a function MyFunc in an obfuscated program as follows: Start address: .text:000000014219FC5D End address: .text:000000014219FD0E MyFunc starts off by jumping to .text:000000014143C159, which ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How to use smalivm and simplify to find a certain static constant from APK or remove confusion?

smalivm: Provides a virtual machine sandbox for executing Dalvik methods. After executing a method, it returns a graph containing all possible register and class values for every execution path. I ...
-2
votes
1answer
130 views

What obfuscator is used?

In version 3.7.3.7 I was able to modify some parts of the code using dnSpy. The language is C#. But in the new(next) version, I did not succeed and I guess the code is obfuscated. De4dot did not help. ...
-2
votes
1answer
162 views

How to deobfuscate Java application protected by Java Antidecompiler [closed]

Here is some infomation I found from MANIFEST.MF Archiver-Version: Plexus Archiver Built-By: boonb Created-By: Apache Maven Build-Jdk: 1.8.0_231 Main-Class: JavaLauncher Modified-By: 9.4 (BIS Guard &...
54
votes
7answers
119k views

What is a good Java decompiler and deobfuscator?

I am using JD-GUI to decompile Java JAR files, but the problem is that it leaves many errors, such as duplicate variables which I have to fix myself and check to see if the program still works (if I ...
75
votes
8answers
240k views

How do I reverse engineer .so files found in android APKs?

I know how to reverse engineer normal android APKs using tools like APK-tool anddex2jar but i don't know how to work with obfuscation. Can anyone help or atleast provide some pointers? I know this ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

IDA, wrong jmp operand after patching

I'm writing a python script for IDA to automate the deobfuscation of a binary. After patching with a jmp instruction ida provides the following disassembly: .text:008FD01E jmp ...
2
votes
0answers
3k views

Deobfuscating Unknown C# obfuscator?

Hello, I am having an exe file that I am trying to deobfuscate and debug using dnspy. The exe file was written in C# and obfuscated with unknown deobfuscate according to de4dot! I tried to all my ...
69
votes
9answers
76k views

Analyzing highly obfuscated JavaScript

I was recently analyzing a web page that contained some highly obfuscated JavaScript - it's clear that the author had went through quite a bit of effort to make it as hard to understand as possible. I'...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

.NET - What kind of obfuscation is this?

I'm currently performing some malicious DLL malware analysis, and I'm having some issues figuring out how to de-obfuscate this particular sample. It uses a lot of Reflective Assembly calls, and, a lot ...
2
votes
0answers
304 views

How To Deobfuscate ConfuserEx .NET Assembly?

No matter what I try I cannot deobfuscate this crackme https://crackmes.one/crackme/5d6c847433c5d46f00e2c390. I have tried each & every tutorial on youTube of which this one is the best https://...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Looking for obfuscation patterns within jumps

I'm working on an obfuscated binary. I recognized some patterns used to confuse the disassembler, some used to obfuscate function calls, some other for conditional jumps and so on. The idea was to ...
3
votes
0answers
215 views

How can I practically approach VM-obfuscated code with symbolic analysis/execution?

Dealing with VM-obfuscated code and started learning about symbolic analysis but having a hard time wrapping my head around how to practically apply it to a problem. If someone can give me some ...
-1
votes
1answer
123 views

How can I analyze this code? [closed]

I wanted to analyse the code for some functionality. in my understanding the code contains a logic handling intents with extras. I want to know how these Works! and also how can I pass extras using ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Reversing PyArmor + Pyinstaller

Created an application, protected by PyArmor and used pyinstaller. I'm trying to reverse engineer it. So far I've decompiled the exe into pyc files but it's still pyarmor encrypted I can only see the ...
2
votes
2answers
467 views

Dealing with obfuscated PUSH PUSH RET instructions

I wanted to run an app on a VM but there are PUSH PUSH RETs stopping me from looking at their anti VM code. There is a messagebox when I run it on a VM. I set a breakpoint at MessageBoxA and it gets ...
1
vote
0answers
163 views

Guidelines for dealing with obfuscated code

I have taken a deep dive into reversing software with IDA, I used Ghidra before. I have already solved a couple of basic crackmes now I have targeted another one which's code is obfuscated, also has ...
1
vote
2answers
262 views

Working with strong obfuscated Java

I've got a jar file, that is strong obfuscated. When I tried to put it into decompilers such as bytecode-viewer and luyten I seen many lines of traps and Chinese letters. I tried to deobfuscate it ...
2
votes
2answers
641 views

Virtual machine code obfuscation implementation details

I want to implement a VM based simple proof-of-concept obfuscator. It should take an exe file as input and produce a new pe file with appended vm section. For simplicity let's say the exe file is ...
2
votes
0answers
393 views

How to use Ghidra to work with VM obfuscated binaries?

By "VM obfuscated binary", I mean a binary that contains one or more implementations of a VM internally, and also some bytecode that can run on this VM. One of the reasons why this binary is this way, ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Understanding AutoIT “compilation”

I'm trying to de-compile a cheat created for my game so I can fix it. The problem is the version used is 3.3.14.2 which no longer has official de-compiler support. I have tried looking for 3rd party ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Main contemporary deobfuscation techniques

Could you please specify in a few words main contemporary deobfuscation techniques which we can apply to 32/64 bit PE files? For example, (1) using instruction templates, such as: mov edx, 5B1F04F1h ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

Reverse Engineering Java - Deobfuscating symbols

I'm new to Java and working on cleaning up a fairly large Java .jar sample where the obfuscator has renamed symbols into invalid names. For example: import org.lib.00.0.2; public final class 90 ...
-2
votes
1answer
3k views

How to decompile obfuscated Python code?

I have an executable file, which I am trying to decompile. I have already deduced that it was originally programmed in Python. I know that it was obfuscated with PyArmor and possibly compiled with ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Reverse engineering hidden audio track in this MPEG-1 video file?

No matter what video player or video analysis software I throw this video at, neither are able to reproduce or detect the audio track of the video: Introduction video of Wipeout XL PC version (...