Questions tagged [deobfuscation]

Techniques to remove obfuscation from a piece of program.

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Decrypt Keybindings for EVE Online

I've had this idea for a while for a tool I'd like to make to assist people in getting used to keybinds in EVE Online. Not sure how useful it'd actually be, but seems like a fun project nonetheless. I'...
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2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Automatic deobfuscation of Java class/method/parameter names with access to old non obfuscated sources

I am currently trying to de-obfuscate a Java program (i.e. find each class name and namespace, each method name and each method parameter name). To do so, I started by using Enigma (the fork from ...
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

x32dbg : exe with different code address when running

I have a 32 bits exe that works only when there is a specific usb flash disk inserted. On my new laptop, I only have a single USB port, so I want to make it works without the original key, or from a &...
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1 vote
1 answer
71 views

How to debug an obfuscated self hashing program?

I need to understand what the following obfuscated application does: interpreter.py: string = "lambda x : obfuscated_code_to_interpret_variable_x" interpreter = eval(string) ...
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

De-Obfuscating/unminifying a JS code [not duplicate]

I have come across a lot of similar questions on the same heading but unfortunately, none of them provided me with the intended results. I have a piece of code which, initially I am trying to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
118 views

Decompile obfuscated jar file

Tried java-deobfuscator and other things, detect said it was allatori protected so tried the relevant transformers but to no avail. Please can someone help, I'm happy to tip for your help :) https://...
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

How do I reverse engineer an Electron compiled file?- a JSC Bytenode file

I have a bytenode JSC file - which is described as: This tool truly compiles your JavaScript code into V8 bytecode, so that you can protect your source code. It can be used with Node.js, as well as ...
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1 answer
219 views

Deobfuscator and decompiler for .NET [closed]

Which are the most common and useful deobfuscators and decompilers for .NET .dll files?
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2 answers
253 views

Reversing an obfuscation through a long linear switch statement

I have a program (ELF, 32 bits) that is probably quite short and simple, but which have been obfuscated with the following construction: i = 0 switch(i): case 0: one small instruction ...
0 votes
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131 views

How to gain access to obfuscated files stored within an app's OBB file?

So, for the last few days, I've been working on this problem. I've been trying to gain access to an Android app's code, and have managed to narrow it down (probably) to the app's .OBB file. I can open ...
0 votes
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157 views

How to deobfuscate Java application

Hi i am unable to deobfuscate the Advanced String Obfuscation Jar on tryHackMe I tried dumping the classes using a dumper javaagent deobfuscate the jar with java-deobfuscator threadtear functions ...
1 vote
0 answers
140 views

ZKM 15 Deobfuscation (Jar file) [closed]

Hello I am looking for someone who can deobfuscate a ZKM 15 obfuscated jar file for me. I am willing to pay money for this. I mostly just need Strings from the jar file. It doesn't need to be perfect. ...
1 vote
0 answers
76 views

How can I decode this Malicious php code?

I found this backdoor on a client's website. https://github.com/baogiaphucthinh/Malicious-php/blob/main/1259da6sc.php (original file) I have gotten rid of it and realise it's an obfuscated script but ...
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

RE on firmware images that seem to use weak encryption/obfuscation. Robot vacuum

I have been playing with some robot vacuums that utilize very basic navigation, and I am wanting to play around with my own provisioning along with adding a Rpi to augment features. These vacuums are ...
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0 votes
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Determining a password-hashing function knowing plaintext + output

I have a password that has been stored and I'd like to figure out how it's been 'transformed' to be stored in my database. The plaintext password is: k4oK203$ And the password as it is stored 'crypted'...
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

Any good places to learn about JS de-obfuscation?

I am trying to make a bot on a specific website, so I have to reverse a lot of JS scripts. The reversing it self is not that hard but the de-obfuscation is. Lots of the scripts are obfuscated with ...
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

How to clean obfuscated code from fake if statements?

I am trying to deobfuscate javascript code. Firstly I extracted strings from big array. Then I saw many parts like this There is only one line of code which makes sense. Is there any Node.js cleaner ...
1 vote
1 answer
496 views

devirtualize? or what is this obfuscator? and how to get rid of this

from previous question i still dont get any info or any process at all... now i asking again with this question is this virtualize code or something? i try many thing and it still didnt work [i unpack ...
1 vote
1 answer
251 views

Is there a way in ida pro to see the address where I have explicitly marked them as code or data, etc?

I'm analyzing an obfuscated binary. IDA did a pretty good job of doing the initial auto-analysis. Later, I went through and marked some sections as undefined, or code, etc. Now IDA can't re-create ...
1 vote
1 answer
188 views

$$Lambda$(number) when decompiled Java bytecode

Why when I decompile a Java bytecode (which further was decompiled from .dex), I get $$Lambda$(number), in Java files, and it's not possible to build project with these java codes as it's insufficient ...
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1 vote
1 answer
175 views

How to deal with IDA auto-analysis analyzing invalid paths?

Obfuscation techniques such as opaque predicates often trick IDA's auto-analysis into creating incorrect or contradicting interpretations of the code under analysis. There is some mention of ...
0 votes
1 answer
360 views

IDA refuses to recognize basic block as part of function that jumps to it

I have a function MyFunc in an obfuscated program as follows: Start address: .text:000000014219FC5D End address: .text:000000014219FD0E MyFunc starts off by jumping to .text:000000014143C159, which ...
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to decompile heavily obfuscated classes mixed with Arabic/Chinese/Korean characters?

I recently downloaded a jar file and was curious to see if it was malicious, so I ran it through FernFlower and it wasn't able to deobfuscate it. When I unzipped the jar, I looked inside it and saw ...
2 votes
0 answers
43 views

How to use smalivm and simplify to find a certain static constant from APK or remove confusion?

smalivm: Provides a virtual machine sandbox for executing Dalvik methods. After executing a method, it returns a graph containing all possible register and class values for every execution path. I ...
-2 votes
1 answer
361 views

What obfuscator is used?

In version 3.7.3.7 I was able to modify some parts of the code using dnSpy. The language is C#. But in the new(next) version, I did not succeed and I guess the code is obfuscated. De4dot did not help. ...
-2 votes
1 answer
283 views

How to deobfuscate Java application protected by Java Antidecompiler [closed]

Here is some infomation I found from MANIFEST.MF Archiver-Version: Plexus Archiver Built-By: boonb Created-By: Apache Maven Build-Jdk: 1.8.0_231 Main-Class: JavaLauncher Modified-By: 9.4 (BIS Guard &...
0 votes
2 answers
900 views

How can I de-obfuscate a VBScript (.vbs) file?

I have a VBScript (.vbs) file that is a malware dropper. It executes correctly in a commercial malware sandbox. but does not act the same in my manual analysis lab, and I need to figure out why. The ...
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5 votes
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Deobfuscating Unknown C# obfuscator?

Hello, I am having an exe file that I am trying to deobfuscate and debug using dnspy. The exe file was written in C# and obfuscated with unknown deobfuscate according to de4dot! I tried to all my ...
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2 votes
0 answers
708 views

How To Deobfuscate ConfuserEx .NET Assembly?

No matter what I try I cannot deobfuscate this crackme https://crackmes.one/crackme/5d6c847433c5d46f00e2c390. I have tried each & every tutorial on youTube of which this one is the best https://...
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1 vote
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132 views

Looking for obfuscation patterns within jumps

I'm working on an obfuscated binary. I recognized some patterns used to confuse the disassembler, some used to obfuscate function calls, some other for conditional jumps and so on. The idea was to ...
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0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Decode xor data in IDA

I have code that looks like this: byte_100031BA4 = v41; byte_100031BA5 ^= 0x3Eu; byte_100031BA6 ^= 0x47u; LOBYTE(a1) = -9; byte_100031BA7 ^= 0xF7u; byte_100031BA8 ^= 0xA9u; byte_100031BA9 ^= 0xE8u; ...
3 votes
0 answers
446 views

How can I practically approach VM-obfuscated code with symbolic analysis/execution?

Dealing with VM-obfuscated code and started learning about symbolic analysis but having a hard time wrapping my head around how to practically apply it to a problem. If someone can give me some ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
142 views

How can I analyze this code? [closed]

I wanted to analyse the code for some functionality. in my understanding the code contains a logic handling intents with extras. I want to know how these Works! and also how can I pass extras using ...
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1 vote
0 answers
2k views

Reversing PyArmor + Pyinstaller

Created an application, protected by PyArmor and used pyinstaller. I'm trying to reverse engineer it. So far I've decompiled the exe into pyc files but it's still pyarmor encrypted I can only see the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
847 views

Dealing with obfuscated PUSH PUSH RET instructions

I wanted to run an app on a VM but there are PUSH PUSH RETs stopping me from looking at their anti VM code. There is a messagebox when I run it on a VM. I set a breakpoint at MessageBoxA and it gets ...
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2 votes
0 answers
8k views

Reversing Pyarmor Discussion

Anyone messing around with pyarmor recently? For those of you that are unaware of what pyarmor is, its a protection software that is to help obfuscate and protect your software. Heres an image of what ...
2 votes
1 answer
351 views

Guidelines for dealing with obfuscated code

I have taken a deep dive into reversing software with IDA, I used Ghidra before. I have already solved a couple of basic crackmes now I have targeted another one which's code is obfuscated, also has ...
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Virtual machine code obfuscation implementation details

I want to implement a VM based simple proof-of-concept obfuscator. It should take an exe file as input and produce a new pe file with appended vm section. For simplicity let's say the exe file is ...
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1 vote
2 answers
444 views

Working with strong obfuscated Java

I've got a jar file, that is strong obfuscated. When I tried to put it into decompilers such as bytecode-viewer and luyten I seen many lines of traps and Chinese letters. I tried to deobfuscate it ...
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3 votes
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665 views

How to use Ghidra to work with VM obfuscated binaries?

By "VM obfuscated binary", I mean a binary that contains one or more implementations of a VM internally, and also some bytecode that can run on this VM. One of the reasons why this binary is this way, ...
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Main contemporary deobfuscation techniques

Could you please specify in a few words main contemporary deobfuscation techniques which we can apply to 32/64 bit PE files? For example, (1) using instruction templates, such as: mov edx, 5B1F04F1h ...
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1 vote
1 answer
334 views

Reverse Engineering Java - Deobfuscating symbols

I'm new to Java and working on cleaning up a fairly large Java .jar sample where the obfuscator has renamed symbols into invalid names. For example: import org.lib.00.0.2; public final class 90 ...
0 votes
2 answers
455 views

Reverse Engineering Javascript - Out of Memory

I found this javascript file on one of those online movie streaming services and was interested in finding out what it does. However, after trying many deobfuscators I am still stuck. A major ...
2 votes
0 answers
76 views

Reverse engineering hidden audio track in this MPEG-1 video file?

No matter what video player or video analysis software I throw this video at, neither are able to reproduce or detect the audio track of the video: Introduction video of Wipeout XL PC version (...
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-2 votes
1 answer
4k views

How to decompile obfuscated Python code?

I have an executable file, which I am trying to decompile. I have already deduced that it was originally programmed in Python. I know that it was obfuscated with PyArmor and possibly compiled with ...
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2 votes
0 answers
422 views

What is the header 'X-Goog-Spatula'?

I am blackboxing an android app to write an API for it. Many of the HTTP requests sent include a mysterious header with the name X-Goog-Spatula. If I do not include this structure, the request is not ...
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to reverse engineer an exe built using nexe?

I am working on an express application. I obfuscate the source code using javascript-obfuscator. I am using nexe cli for generating a single exe from the obfuscated code. Can anyone tell me if there ...
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0 votes
1 answer
379 views

Obfuscated VBE malware script analysis

Some actions of this script are clear e.g. the section that adds firewall rules, others not so much On Error Resume Next F27 F10 A0 DBCF Sub F27() Dim E13C563AFCB34, C0009B48F34B, C8, ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
928 views

De-obfuscate JS code [closed]

I came across a script that converts font files from one type to another (i.e. WOFF to TTF, etc). I would like to understand it and incorporate some of the code into a personal project. The script ...
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4 votes
2 answers
3k views

Dealing with heavily obfuscated Java, possibly on bytecode level

I've got a jarfile from a friend, he told me to put it thru an decompiler. So I did, but: JD-GUI basically spit out just the imports and didn't show any class data CFR dumped out stack trace on ...