2

I'm working on reversing a C++ application and I've come across a structure that contains a getter function that returns TypeDescriptor*, I've read some articles on RTTI and reversing C++ but can't find a structure that matches what I'm seeing.

It seems to be a compiler generated structure because of the TypeDescriptor getter? I'm hoping someone can point me in the right direction. There's multiple of these structures, they are in mostly contiguous but not completely as far as I can see.

Pseudo code for the struct looks like:

// These are all function pointers
class SomeClazz
{
    // func1/func2 are pointers to the same function. It looks like a constructor.
    void* func1(void* param1, void** param2);
    void* func2(void* param1, void** param2);
    // This function differs depending on the class. I believe this to be a implementation of a virtual function maybe?
    virtual void handler();
    // Returns a pointer to a RTTI TypeDescriptor depending on the class
    TypeDescriptor* get_type_descriptor();
    void get_something();
} 

Here's code in the func1/2 functions in case there's a hint of what it is:


undefined ** FUN_00125860(longlong param_1,undefined **param_2)

{
  undefined4 uVar1;
  undefined4 uVar2;
  undefined4 uVar3;
  
  *param_2 = (undefined *)&Vftable_maybe_00589ef0;
  uVar1 = *(undefined4 *)(param_1 + 0xc);
  uVar2 = *(undefined4 *)(param_1 + 0x10);
  uVar3 = *(undefined4 *)(param_1 + 0x14);
  *(undefined4 *)(param_2 + 1) = *(undefined4 *)(param_1 + 8);
  *(undefined4 *)((longlong)param_2 + 0xc) = uVar1;
  *(undefined4 *)(param_2 + 2) = uVar2;
  *(undefined4 *)((longlong)param_2 + 0x14) = uVar3;
  return param_2;
}

Here's get_type_descriptor:

TypeDescriptor * class::get_type_descriptor(void)

{
  return &class_<lambda_88a0d3301c644a20c1df3ad0c52a86e4>_RTTI_Type_Descriptor;
}

////////////
LEA RAX, [class_<lambda_88a0d3301c644a20c1df3ad0c52 ...]
RET

Here's get_something, not sure what the purpose is or what it's doing:

LEA RAX, [RCX+0x8]
RET

Any help/suggestions would be great. Thanks.

1
  • 2
    I'm pretty sure that's a shared_ptr with a custom deleter. Grep for typeid in MSVC <memory>. Dec 23 '20 at 23:45
3

IIRC the typeid operator returns a pointer to a type info instance.

Overall the code looks like a lambda expression implementation; the “constructor” captures the context so that the “handler” (lambda body) can access the variables it needs from the outer scope.

1
  • Thanks. Maybe impossible from what I've provided but any chance you could provide some pseudo code of how you imagine it might have looked? I haven't had much luck trying to recreate this in code. Also thank you for your amazing RTTI article. Dec 23 '20 at 20:22
0

This is a lambda expression. When the lambda expression has captures it is compiled into a implementation defined structure. In my case the lambda has captures, using MSVC the structure was _Func_Base defined as:

#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable : 4265) // class has virtual functions, but destructor is not virtual (/Wall)
// CLASS TEMPLATE _Func_base
template <class _Rx, class... _Types>
class __declspec(novtable) _Func_base { // abstract base for implementation types
public:
    virtual _Func_base* _Copy(void*) const                 = 0;
    virtual _Func_base* _Move(void*) noexcept              = 0;
    virtual _Rx _Do_call(_Types&&...)                      = 0;
    virtual const type_info& _Target_type() const noexcept = 0;
    virtual void _Delete_this(bool) noexcept               = 0;

#if _HAS_STATIC_RTTI
    const void* _Target(const type_info& _Info) const noexcept {
        return _Target_type() == _Info ? _Get() : nullptr;
    }
#endif // _HAS_STATIC_RTTI

    _Func_base()                  = default;
    _Func_base(const _Func_base&) = delete;
    _Func_base& operator=(const _Func_base&) = delete;
    // dtor non-virtual due to _Delete_this()

private:
    virtual const void* _Get() const noexcept = 0;
};
#pragma warning(pop)

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