I have the following sequence of bytes in IDA Pro:

.text:0044A838          db 2Ah
.text:0044A839          db 0ADh ; ­
.text:0044A83A          db    4
.text:0044A83B          db    0
.text:0044A83C          dd rva word_44AD3E     
.text:0044A840          dd rva word_44AD4C
.text:0044A844          dd rva word_44AD5C

This region should be interpreted as four consecutive relative pointers, but right now, it is four raw bytes, and then three relative pointers. How can I instruct IDA that the first element is a relative offset pointer?

When I mark the first element as being a 32-bit integer, the its simply the value 0x4AD2A, which IDA does not recognize as being an xref that I can follow. I cannot mark this 32-bit element as an offset (by pressing O), since the address 0x4AD2A is not valid in this executable.


Define the element to be the appropriate size (such as by pressing d repeatedly). Then press Ctrl-R (or use the menu entry: Edit->Operand Type->Offset->Offset (User Defined)), select Use image base as offset base, and accept the dialog.

example diallog

  • 1
    And if the resulting address is above 4G, make sure to choose OFF64, even if it is a 32-bit variable. The width of the memory cell need not match the size of the resulting address. – Michael Karcher Mar 7 at 15:52

Press UDDDO or you may be able to get away with UQO

Note: the leading U is to ensure you are starting from a consistent state, and is not strictly necessary.

Key meanings:

U - Undefine
D - Data [byte]
D - Data [word]
D - Data [dword]
O - Offset


U - Undefine
Q - Hex (will convert to D/QWORD for free)
O - Offset

I (heart) Vim

  • using O/Offset usually interprets the data as a VA rather than RVA, which is what I am looking for here. – Willi Ballenthin Mar 8 at 19:44
  • When-ever I do this in my own code, (64 bit, __ImageBase at 0x140000000 and QWORD values), they come out perfectly as (Absolute) values. If you are doing 32 bit stuff, I am officially clueless, and the only relative offsets in the 64 bit work I do are the RIP relative type. However, I did notice the other day while browsing the configuration options of IDA that there's a tremendous list of things you can assign to keyboard shortcuts -- so you might be able to figure something. Otherwise, I could write a quick Python based hotkey for you if I understood your crazy 32bit world. – Orwellophile Mar 9 at 19:13

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