Working to debug and analyze a piece of firmware, I've come across a bunch of cgi files which are all symlinked to a central cgi file. The first thing the main function does is run a series of string comparisons to identify which cgi file's functions should be run.

The issue is I am now trying to map the functions to their respective cgi names, but I am relatively new to binary debugging and cannot figure how to identify which values represent the string hard-coded into memory that the input is being compared to. I am using Radare2 and a sample of the code and a screenshot of the structure can be seen below.

Any advice would be appreciated!

0x000099a4   08001be5    ldr r0, [fp - local_8h]   ; const char * s1
0x000099a8   b81709e3    movw r1, 0x97b8
0x000099ac   021040e3    movt r1, 2                ; const char * s2
0x000099b0   5affffeb     bl sym.imp.strcmp        ;[3]; int strcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2)
0x000099b4   0030a0e1    mov r3, r0
0x000099b8   000053e3    cmp r3, 0
0x000099bc   0500001a    bne 0x99d8                ;[4]
0x000099c0   10001be5    ldr r0, [fp - local_10h]
0x000099c4   14101be5    ldr r1, [fp - local_14h]
0x000099c8   18201be5    ldr r2, [fp - local_18h]
0x000099cc   1f4e00eb    bl sub.setuid_250         ;[5]
0x000099d0   0c000be5    str r0, [fp - local_ch]


  • 1
    could you provide the output of the command ag $$ > graph.dot (you can plot it using dot -Tpng graph.dot -o graph.png if you got graphviz)?
    – Nordwald
    Commented Apr 12, 2017 at 4:54

1 Answer 1


You need to read the ARM instruction reference. movt is the "Move Top" instruction, which sets the top 16 bits of a register to the specified value without changing the low 16 bits.

In other words, the sequence:

movw r1, 0x97b8
movt r1, 2    

is equivalent to:

r1 = 0x97b8
r1 |= (2<<16);

which results in r1= 0x297b8, so that check that address for the string being compared to.

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