3

My HexRays decompiler output often looks like:

  v0 = LoadLibraryW(L"wininet.dll");
  v1 = v0;
  if ( !v0 )
    goto LABEL_1;
  v2 = GetProcAddress(v0, "InternetOpenW");
  v3 = GetProcAddress(v1, "InternetConnectW");
  v4 = v2;
  v5 = v4;

To me, there's just a couple variables here. v0, v2, and v3. The rest are entirely duplicate. Is it possible to clean up my decompiler output to eliminate these extraneous variables?

5

Locate cursor at v1 and press = . If I remember it correctly since IDA 6.6 it will allow you to define that some variable is actually same as other.

2

Starting from v6.6, IDA supports decompiler API. The documentation is poor, almost non-existing. Yet, in theory, it should be possible to write a plugin to perform static analysis on the abstract syntax tree (AST) produced by the decompiler, thereby eliminating useless unit assignments.

0

A brief tl;dr code sample on how to map, rename and re-type variables programmatically in python.

see github for the rest of the code. don't expect this to work on IDA 6.x, though maybe it will. i've never tried.

import re
from itertools import islice

import ida_hexrays
import idaapi
import idautils
import idc


def map_lvar(src, dst, ea):
    func = idaapi.get_func(ea)
    if func:
        ea = func.start_ea
        vu = idaapi.open_pseudocode(ea, 0)

        lvars1 = [n for n in vu.cfunc.lvars if n.name == src]
        lvars2 = [n for n in vu.cfunc.lvars if n.name == dst]
        if len(lvars1) == 1 and len(lvars2) == 1:
            print("mapping {} to {}".format(lvars1[0].name, lvars2[0].name))
            # we might need to change the lvar type?
            vu.set_lvar_type(lvars1[0], lvars2[0].type())
            vu.map_lvar(lvars1[0], lvars2[0])
        else:
            print("couldn't find one of the vars {} or {}".format(src, dst))

def set_lvar_type(src, t, ea):
    func = idaapi.get_func(ea)
    if func:
        ea = func.start_ea
        vu = idaapi.open_pseudocode(ea, 0)
        #  names = [n.name for n in vu.cfunc.lvars]
        lvars = [n for n in vu.cfunc.lvars if n.name == src]
        if len(lvars) == 1:
            print("changing type of {} to {}".format(lvars[0].name, t))
            vu.set_lvar_type(lvars[0], t)
        else:
            print("couldn't find var {}".format(src))

def rename_lvar(src, dst, ea):
    def make_unique_name(name, taken):
        if name not in taken:
            return name
        fmt = "%s_%%i" % name
        for i in range(3, 1024):
            tmpName = fmt % i
            if tmpName not in taken:
                return tmpName
        return "i_give_up"

    func = idaapi.get_func(ea)
    if func:
        ea = func.start_ea
        vu = idaapi.open_pseudocode(ea, 0)
        names = [n.name for n in vu.cfunc.lvars]
        if dst in names:
            dst = make_unique_name(dst, names)
        lvars = [n for n in vu.cfunc.lvars if n.name == src]
        if len(lvars) == 1:
            print("renaming {} to {}".format(lvars[0].name, dst))
            vu.rename_lvar(lvars[0], dst, 1)
            # how to close the view without a widget object?
            #     idautils.close_pseudocode (nope)
            #     ida_kerwin.close_widget   (nope)
        else:
            print("couldn't find var {}".format(src))


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