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My question is how cmd arguments are passed from the shell to the process memory ? How the loader loads them and if there are passed with some sort of syscall ? ill be happy if some one can explain in details or point to a relevant article.

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    Which OS are you speaking about ?
    – w s
    Oct 28 '15 at 8:11
  • Linux mainly, but windows will be helpful to Oct 28 '15 at 9:14
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For windows, the Loader will copy the parameters into the process' address space during process setup. Specifically it happens when the Address Space is initialized

See Stage 3D Step 8 in Windows Internals:

  1. The user process parameters are written into the process, copied, and fixed up (meaning converted from absolute form to a relative form so that a single memory block is needed).
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You can read about system calls called fork and execve including kernel implementation.

User land implementations:

fork and other usage examples

man page of execve including example

Kernel implementation

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